A History of Indian Political Ideas: The Ancient Period and the Period of Transition to the Middle Ages

By U. N. Ghoshal | Go to book overview

SANSKRIT INDEX WITH GLOSSARY
Anavasita-sandhi, 'indeterminate treaty', meaning treaty for joint colonization of waste lands, a sub-type of treaties: see Sandhi
Aparɑ + ̄dha, title of ten specified offences: special procedure for trial of, 318, 503; includes various offences against king's authority and dignity, 318-19, 503
Abhijɑ + ̄tabala (Skt), abhijachchabala (Pali), strength of high birth: see Power of king
Amɑ + ̄tya (Skt), amachcha (Pali), official, one of seven constituents of the State: see Officials
Amɑ + ̄tyabala (Skt), amachchabala (Pali), strength of a king's officials: see Power of King
Artha, wealth, one of the four ends of human existence: see Varga
Arthaśɑ + ̄stra1, art of government, or more generally, science of polity: definition and scope, 81-2, 496-7; method, 82; comparison with + ̄jadharma, 82; with daṇḍanīti, 84, 107; a branch of Smṛitis, 412-13, 440; see Politics, also Chapters V, VI, VII
Arthaśɑ + ̄stra2, a source of State-law: overriding authority of Dharmaśɑ + ̄stra over, 161, 312, 412-13; authority of, 412-13, 440
Ardhadeva, demi-god: epithet of king, 20
Avasarpiṇī, retrogade evolution: Jaina theory of, 457, 459; six time-divisions of, 457, 459; see Creation-cycles

A
śchɑ + ̄ra, also dharma, + ̄ddhvɑ + ̄chɑ + ̄ra, śishɑ + ̄ɑ + ̄chɑ + ̄ra, śīla, samaya, righteous custom: see Usage
śjñ also + ̄jaśɑ + ̄sana: see Judicial decree of king
śtatɑ + ̄yī, desperado: conflict of views about immunity of Brɑ + ̄hmaṇa, 60, 433-5; combination of two conflicting views, 322-3, 423-5; view of Śukranītisɑ + ̄ra, 513-14
śnvīkshikī, philosophy: one of four traditional sciences, 55; definition and scope, 83; estimate, 83, 112, 247, 428, 476; see Vidyɑ + ̄
śpaddharma, title of duties of classes and individuals in times of distress: application of doctrine of, in relation to law of social order, 45, 160; to State policy in an emergency, 222--31
śryas, also Śishṭas, cultured classes: approval of, the ultimate criterion of the law of the social order, 46-7, 308, 372, 410
ɑ + ̄sana, neutrality, one of six types of foreign policy: canon of application, 139, 362, 381; see Foreign policy

I
Indrajɑ + ̄la, deceit by means of incantations, an additional type of political expedient: see Political expedient

U
Utsarpiṇī, progressive evolution: Jaina theory of, 457, 459; six time-divisions of, 457, 459
Utsɑ + ̄haśakti, strength of the king's prowess or enterprise: see Power of king
Upapatti, also buddhi, reasoning: standard of State policy in an emergency, 227, 228
Upɑ + ̄ya, title of four political expedients, viz. + ̄ma, + ̄na, daṇḍa, and bheda with the additions upekshɑ + ̄, + ̄yɑ + ̄ (or chhala) and indrajɑ + ̄la (qq.v.): see Political expedient
Upɑ + ̄ya, expediency, also vijñɑ + ̄na (experience), prajñɑ + ̄ (wisdom), and buddhi (understanding): a standard of State policy in an emergency, 227, 228, 230, 231; its three justifying principles, 228f
Upekzhɑ + ̄, indifference, an additional type of political expedient: see Political expedient

RI
ṚI Ṛita, also vrata and dhɑ + ̄man (Vedic), cosmic or divine law: omnipotence of, 19; influence of, upon Vedic concept of king's divinity, 26

KA
Kaṇṭakaśodhana, extirpation of thorns: policy of, 117-18, 133-4, 377-8
Karma:application of doctrine of, for enforcement of principle of king's obligation; principle of double transfer of

-577-

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