The Quest to Define Collegiate Desegregation: Black Colleges, Title VI Compliance, and Post-Adams Litigation

By M. Christopher Brown | Go to book overview

Afterword: Racial Balance versus a
Unitary System

Robert M. Hendrickson
College of Education, The Pennsylvania State University

A review of the federal policy and the litigation on the breakup of dual systems of higher education under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act illuminates a very complex issue. It becomes abundantly clear that what took 100 years to establish cannot be dismantled through a five-year policy mandate. Furthermore, the definitions of equal opportunity, equity and equality have not been clarified, nor have policy makers described the end result--how the state's higher education system would appear when the goal of Title VI compliance is achieved. Rather, as this study so aptly points out, the focus of the courts and policy has been on enrollment and employment quotas and the elimination of the historically black institutions. Such an approach is consistent with the history of the treatment of African Americans in the southern and border states.

During the reconstruction period, there was a specific effort by the white population to deny Blacks the right to education and to ensure that any education provided was inferior to that offered to Whites. This history was chronicled in Knight v. Alabama (787 F.Supp. 1030 [N.D. Ala. 1991]) and demonstrated how denial of the right to vote, white control of historically black institutions, and the tradition of underfunding the existing historically black colleges ensured their inferiority. Yet as M. Christopher Brown points out, the historically black colleges, against insurmountable odds, have become the most successful vehicle for preparing African Americans to pursue successful and contributing careers in society. Why then

-107-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Quest to Define Collegiate Desegregation: Black Colleges, Title VI Compliance, and Post-Adams Litigation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • An Introduction to the Quest xv
  • 1 - Black Colleges and Desegregation 1
  • 2 - The Unfinished Quest for Compliance 17
  • 3 - Desegregation Litigation Reborn 29
  • 4 - Legal Standards for Compliance 55
  • 5 - Challenges to Compliance 71
  • 6 - Defining Collegiate Desegregation 89
  • Afterword: Racial Balance Versus a Unitary System 107
  • Appendix A: Glossary of Legal Terms 115
  • Appendix B: A Note on Methodology 119
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 157
  • About the Author *
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 166

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.