Dwight D. Eisenhower: Soldier, President, Statesman

By Joann P. Krieg | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Eisenhower's New Look Reexamined: The View from Three Decades

Duane Windsor

In the protracted conflict of Cold War with the Soviet Union, national security policy is necessarily a fundamental dimension of every presidency. A major hallmark of the Eisenhower years was the relative emphasis on foreign and defense policy, as distinct from civilian expenditure programs--an emphasis to which we have apparently returned full circle in the Reagan administration. It is now three decades since the formulation of the Eisenhower administration's "New Look" at American defense policy in 1953. Since 1961, we have proceeded more than two decades into Soviet-American conflict under both Democratic ( Kennedy, Johnson, Carter) and Republican ( Nixon, Ford, Reagan) administrations. There may well be basic lessons and principles, or at least fundamental and continuing issues, of defense policy to be gleaned even at this date from comparing the 1953 New Look's formulation and implementation to the United States' subsequent defense policy.

This study is based on the premise that the role and impact of the New Look still have not been fully appreciated by historians or defense specialists. Because the New Look was widely criticized at the time and then replaced by the flexible response strategy of the Kennedy-Johnson administrations, the prevailing view has been that the New Look was a strategic failure. It was followed by a massive buildup of both American nuclear weapons and conventional forces--a reversal of the New Look posture. It is argued here that, contrary to this conventional wisdom, the New Look created the strategic weapons and organizational foundations for its successor flexible response and set the basic pattern of U.S. Cold War policy. This conclusion is drawn from a wide-ranging reexamination of defense strategy, organization, management, budgeting, and politics as closely interrelated aspects of national security policy in the Eisenhower New Look.

The Eisenhower era has been underrated in the defense area because the New


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Dwight D. Eisenhower: Soldier, President, Statesman
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 370

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?