on. A national primary would mean that one and only one set of rules
would govern the selection process across the nation. Uniformity seems too
high a price to pay for the replacement of a confederate political system
that has operated with only limited failings in selecting presidential candidates over the past 150 years.
Because so many objections have been raised against the traditional caucus-convention system, against the existing crazy-quilt presidential primary
structure, and against the proposed national direct primary, Senator Robert
Packwood (R-OR) in March 1972 came up with a compromise proposal,
regional primaries, the subject of the next chapter.
Austin Ranney, The Federalization of Presidential Primaries ( Washington,
D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1978), p. 4.
James W. Davis, Presidential Primaries: Road to the White House ( New
York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1967), p. 27.
Ranney, "The Federalization of Presidential Primarie"s, p. 7.
U.S. Congress, Senate, Senate Journal, 92nd Cong., 2nd sess., 1972, 118, pt.
7, pp. 8014-8016.
Ranney, The Federalization of Presidential Primaries, pp. 7-8.
Michael Nelson, "Two Cheers for the National Primary," in Rethinking the
Thomas E. Cronin ( Boston: Little, Brown: 1982), pp. 57-58.
James W. Ceaser, Presidential Selection: Theory and Development ( Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1979), p. 351.
Stephen J. Wayne, The Road to the White House, 1992, 4th ed. ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992), p. 282.
Nelson, "Two Cheers for the National Primary," p. 59.
Ranney, The Federalization of Presidential Primaries, pp. 39-40.
Paul T. David,
Malcolm Moos, and
Ralph M. Goldman, Presidential Nominating Politics in 1952 ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1954), 1: 218- 219.
Voter turnout in the 1992 presidential election was 55.1 percent of the voting
age population. In 1988, the turnout was 50.1 percent--the second-lowest turnout
recorded for a presidential election in the twentieth century.
Joseph A. Pika,
Richard A. Watson, The Presidential Contest, 4th ed. ( Washington,
D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1992), pp. 120-121.
Thomas E. Patterson, Out of Order ( New York: Random House, 1994), pp. 207-242.
V. O. Key Jr., Southern Politics ( New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949), especially chaps. 18-22.
Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, Dismantling the Parties: Reflections of Party Reform
and Party Decomposition ( Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1978),
Ranney, The Federalization of Presidential Primaries, p. 38.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: U.S. Presidential Primaries and the Caucus-Convention System:A Sourcebook.
Contributors: James W. Davis - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 205.
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