POLITICAL PARTIES AND POWER-SHARING
In October 1984, the second Parliament elected under the 1972 constitution was installed in Morocco, with representatives from most of the political parties. The same representatives were found in the first Parliament, installed in October 1977, with a term of office later prolonged from four to six years by constitutional amendment on the initiative of the king, until October 13, 1983. The political structure of the Parliament shows the originality of the Moroccan multiparty system based on political organizations that evolved from the nationalist movement and on others that were created to counterbalance them. Nevertheless, it is the first category of parties that gives Parliament its representative character. In the end, nothing prevented their participation in the parliamentary elections finally held on September 14, 1984 -- neither the size of the protests raised against the probity of the municipal and communal elections of June 1983, nor the growing dimensions of royal authority used to control the constitutional evolution. (In fact, after the expiration of the first parliamentary term, the king legitimized his exercise of the legislative power, not by referring to a functional article of the constitution but through the use of a symbolic article.) 1
The participation of the parties in the elections since 1976, which led to experiments in participation in government, was based on their reaction to the two points of the royal declaration of September 1974: free elections and liberation of the Sahara. Popular unanimity on the question of territorial integrity permitted their electoral participation. It is in this way that the royal overtures to the opposition, particularly after
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Publication information: Book title: The Political Economy of Morocco. Contributors: I. William Zartman - Editor. Publisher: Praeger Publishers. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1987. Page number: 59.
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