RAINBOW COALITION is a liberal group within the Democratic Party created and led by Jesse Jackson. The Rainbow Coalition was an effort to straddle the racial divide by presenting itself as a progressive movement of African Americans, Hispanics, women, gays, environmentalists, peace activists, and others, to check the influence of the wealthy and powerful in the Democratic Party. Jesse Jackson created the Rainbow Coalition for his 1984 and 1988 bids for the Democratic nomination for president. In 1991, Jackson threatened to lead the Rainbow Coalition into a third-party movement, which he did not do. The future of the Rainbow Coalition looks dim without Jackson's leadership. In Vermont, in the early 1990s, the Rainbow Coalition merged with the city of Burlington's Progressive Coalition to form a third party. See:JACKSON, JESSE L.
Reference: J. David Gillespie, Politics at the Periphery: Third Parties in Two-Party America ( Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1993).
REAGAN, RONALD WILSON ( 1911-) was the fortieth president of the United States. He was born in Tampico, Illinois. He graduated with an A.B. degree in economics from Eureka College in 1932, and began a career in radio as a sports announcer in Davenport, Iowa. The Great Depression had a significant effect on Reagan, since his father, Jack Reagan, was unemployed. Ronald Reagan admired Franklin Roosevelt's efforts to address the country's poor economic conditions.
As a sports announcer, Reagan used the nickname "Dutch," and he had a smooth radio voice. In 1937, Reagan signed a movie contract with Warner Brothers and in 1940 he played the lead role in Knute Rockne-All American. This film established him as a serious actor. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Army, making training films. After the war he returned to Warner
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Publication information: Book title: Encyclopedia of American Parties, Campaigns, and Elections. Contributors: William C. Binning - Author, Larry E. Esterly - Author, Paul A. Sracic - Author. Publisher: Greenwood Press. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1999. Page number: 349.
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