Voltaire and the Theatre of the Eighteenth Century

By Marvin Carlson | Go to book overview
Save to active project

place in the theatre during a production of Mariamne in December of 1725, culminating in an exchange of threatening gestures between Voltaire in his box and the chevalier in his, and the on-stage fainting, real or pretended, of Lecouvreur. 11 In any case, the chevalier's response was to have Voltaire beaten a few days later in broad daylight by six of his servants while the chevalier directed their activities from his nearby carriage. Voltaire, instead of appealing to the law, employed a fencing master and announced his intention of challenging the chevalier to a duel. Unwilling to undergo the shame of such a challenge, the chevalier appealed to the duke of Bourbon to place Voltaire in the Bastille in mid-April 1726. The fact that Voltaire was widely regarded as a victim and martyr did little to assuage his feelings, and the Rohan family was determined to keep him out of the way of their threatened member. Rather than remain in the Bastille, Voltaire offered to go into voluntary exile in England, a compromise acceptable to the authorities. He was accompanied to Calais and in May 1726, landed in England, to begin a quite different phase of his complex career.


NOTES
1.
Letter of 1763 to Doctor Bianchi, quoted in Henri Beaune, Voltaire au college ( Paris: Amyot, 1868), xciv.
3.
Voltaire, Correspondence, ed. Theodore Besterman, 107 vols. ( Geneva: Institute et Musée Voltaire, 1953- 1965), I:53 (henceforward VC).
4.
Frederick Hawkins, The French Stage in the Eighteenth Century, 2 vols. ( London: Chapman and Hall, 1888), I:136 (henceforward HFS).
5.
Voltaire, Oeuvres, 52 vols. ( Paris: Garnier, 1877), IV:81 (henceforward VO).
6.
René Pomeau, D'Arouet à Voltaire, 1694-1734 ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), 117.
7.
Voltaire, OedipusII, iv and IV, ii in The Works of Voltaire,trans. William F. Fleming , 22 vols. ( New York: St. Hubert Guild, 1901), 8:169 and 8:187.
8.
Theodore Besterman, Voltaire ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966), 82 (henceforward BV).
9.
See Spire Pitou, "The Comédie Française and the Palais-Royal Interlude of 1716-1723", Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, vol. 64 ( 1968): 225-64.
10.
The best study of this aspect of his career is Lilian Willens, Voltaire's Comic Theatre: Composition, Conflict and Critics, vol. 136 in Studies on Voltaire (henceforward WCT).
11.
Jack Richtman, Adrienne Lecouvreur: The Actress and the Age (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1971), 88.

-19-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Voltaire and the Theatre of the Eighteenth Century
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 188

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?