The United Nations Industrial Development Organization: UNIDO and Problems of International Economic Cooperation

By Youry Lambert | Go to book overview
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7
Operational and Consultative Activities

RELATIONS WITH RECIPIENT COUNTRIES WITH REGARD TO PROJECTS

Until the early 1980s, the volume of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization's ( UNIDO) expenditures on technical cooperation programs was rather low. For instance, from 1972 to 1976, the total spent on programs was $142 million, or about $28 million yearly. However, each year more programs were registered. In the next five years, from 1977 to 1981, the volume of programs expenditures was $334 million, or 2.5 times higher. In the mid 1980s the yearly volume of programs expenditures was close to $100 million; from 1982 to 1986, it was $451 million. Notwithstanding difficulties with the regular budget in the latter half of the 1980s, the technical cooperation expenditures increased from $98 million in 1987 to $134 million in 1989. 1

The ever-increasing volume of operations required ever-more elaborate regulations. A standard agreement on cooperation between UNIDO and member states receiving UNIDO's assistance was approved by the first session (part two) of the General Conference in 1985. According to its Article II, forms of assistance are divided as follows: services of the staff, consulting experts, assistants of experts or consultants, and contract firms or organizations designated by UNIDO and bearing responsibility for work on implementation of projects; services of technical experts appointed by UNIDO and services of UNIDO volunteers; equipment and deliveries required for the implementation of projects; pilot projects; working expert groups; organization of seminars; and provision of scholarships. 2

UNIDO's operational activities are carried out in conformity with a number of principles that are typical for many UN bodies providing technical assistance. UNIDO does not have the right to impose any recommendations beyond the framework of relevant projects concerning the general economic strategy of states or to propose

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