The Germanic Mosaic: Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Society

By Carol Aisha Blackshire-Belay | Go to book overview
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2
In the following, we will speak of "German" instead of "the coterritorial languages" simply because German was the coterritorial language for the majority of WY speakers. We do not wish to claim, however, that German was the only coterritorial language or that our remarks on German are exclusive to the domain of German influence; rather we intend them to be representative for all coterritorial languages.
3
Examples include Arvanítika in Albania, Pennsylvanian German, Malinche Mexicano, and Hungarian in Austria.
4
See also Weinberg ( 1969: 19): "Die älteren Autoren betonten den Geheimcharakter des Jüdischdeutschen. So beschrieb Tisch 4-5 den Gebrauch des Idioms: 'damit sie die Christen desto füglicher täuschen, bevortheilen, sie ohne Scheu verfluchen und verwünschen können.'" Bei Selig, Lehrbuch5, liest man: "'Ist es aber denn auch nicht billig, die Sprache eines Volkes sich zu eigen zu machen, das um und unter uns wohnt und wieviel Schaden man dadurch verhfiten kann!'" Giehrl äußert folgendes: "Diese Sprache, welche die Loschenkodesche heßt, dient dazu, sich über den Wert eines Artikels, der man einem Christen abzukaufen im Begriff steht, genau zu beraten und der arme Goi muß sich und seine Ware in seinem Beysein verkaufen lassen, ohne daß er auch nur das geringste davon versteht, was in seiner Gegenwart abgemacht wird." Ebd. 108: "Wenn nämlich mehrere Hebräer miteinander in Judendeutsch konversieren, und es kommt ein Goi in ihre Gesellschaft, der diese Sprache versteht, so warnen sich die Juden gegenseitig durch die Worte 'ma daber lau' [sprich nicht], worauf dann nur deutsch gesprochen wird.'" Und bei Holzschuher 5 heißt es: "'Die Juden bedienen sich ihrer untereinander, um im Handel und Wandel den Christen unverständlich zu bleiben und ihre Geheimnisse, Pläne und Absichten vor letzteren verschleiert zu halten.'"

REFERENCES

Birnbaum Solomon A. ( 1979). Yiddish: A Survey and a Grammar. Toronto and Buffalo: University of Toronto Press.

Ferguson Charles ( 1959). "Diglossia". Word 15: 325-340.

Fishman Joshua A. ( 1967). "Bilingualism and Diglossia". Journal of Social Issues 23: 29-38.

--- ( 1980). "Attracting a Following to High-Culture Functions for a Language of Everyday Life: The Role of the Tshernovits Language Conference in the 'Rise of Yiddish".' International Journal of the Sociology of Language 24: 43-73.

Giehrl R. ( 1829). Jüdisches Conversationslexikon. Nüirnberg.

Hock Hans Henrich ( 1986). Principles of Historical Linguistics. Berlin, New York, and Amsterdam: Mouton de Gruyter.

-135-

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