Reconstruction: Political & Economic, 1865-1877

By William Archibald Dunning | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER XXI
THE ELECTORAL COMMISSION (1877)

T HE critical condition of affairs when Congress met caused moderate and conservative men of both parties to exert all possible pressure in favor of some practical compromise to get the votes counted. President Grant contributed much to the same end,1 and displayed at this point, as throughout the electoral crisis, a breadth and firmness of judgment that contrasted most favorably with his course at other periods of his administrative career. As a result of the strong influences working for peace, each house appointed, just before Christmas, 1876, a committee of seven to deal with the matter, and the two committees were instructed to act in conjunction. After weeks of intense consideration and debate 2 they agreed upon a bill, which was reported to the houses January 18, 1877.3

This measure, which was by its own terms to

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1
Haworth, Hayes-Tilden Election, 191; McClure's Mag., May, 1904, p. 81.
2
Northrup, secretary of the House committee, in the Century, October, 1901, p. 923. See also Haworth, Hayes-Tilden Election, 196 et seq. ; Rhodes, United States, VII., 248.
3
Cong. Record, 44 Cong., 2 Sess., 713, 731.

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