World Politics in 1815
THE MONROE DOCTRINE, as declared by the President in his message to Congress in December, 1823, was not the product of hasty deliberations or of irresponsible statesmanship, nor was it caused by the knowledge of new and unexpected events. Its genesis is to be found in the deepest currents of American thought and in the experience of the American nation. Particularly was it the result of the conception of world affairs which the people of the United States and the leaders of the nation gained during the eight years which preceded its enunciation. This view of America's place in the world was influenced by conditions within the United States, by domestic problems, by a growing spirit of nationalism, and by a feeling of uncertainty born of untried strength. The relations of the European states with one another and with the United States were thus judged subjectively, and the national policy which the Monroe Doctrine embodies reflects this evaluation most accurately.
If one turns first to view the European Continent in 1815, there will appear a confused, almost chaotic, pattern of conflicting political, moral, social, and economic factors. Politically, Russia was the dominant force, never to be disregarded by the able diplomats of Austria, Prussia, and France.1 Under the vibrant personal leadership of____________________