Pornography: Research Advances and Policy Considerations

By Dolf Zillmann; Jennings Bryant | Go to book overview

they rarely have sex problems. The sex therapy clients are not apt to find fault with the film but rather with themselves for not being able to act like the people in the films ( Apfelbaum, 1984).


CONCLUSIONS

Exposure to sexually explicit, external images has some prosocial and educational effects, in addition to the widely accepted antisocial influences on attitudes and interpersonal behavior within the laboratory setting. Another consistent theme of wide variations due to personality traits also emerges in these data.

The problems associated with the various forms of sexually explicit material used in sex therapy are greatly outweighed by its many benefits in a wide variety of different treatment approaches. Behavior therapy, in particular, has taken advantage of the many uses of sexually explicit materials in both the assessment and treatment of clients with sexual deviations, variations, and/or dysfunctions. But the therapeutic uses of sexually explicit material do not end with people with sexual problems. As we have seen, people who are not experiencing sexual difficulties can also use sexually explicit materials to enhance their sexual activity.

Fantasy can affect sexual arousal, sexual behavior, affective responses, and perceptions of others. These effects, however, are mediated by sexual attitudes, sexual experiences, and personality variables. We have also examined the content of fantasies, the origins of this content, and how sexual explicitness as well as personality can influence this content. Additionally, the purposes of fantasy have been reviewed. Methodological problems and ideas for future research have also been reported.


REFERENCES

Abramson P. R., & Mosher D. L. ( 1979). "An empirical investigation of experimentally induced masturbatory fantasies". Archives of Sexual Behavior, 8, 27-37.

Apfelbaum B. ( 1984). "Professional sex films versus sexual reality". In R. Segraves & E. Haeberle (Eds.), Emerging dimensions of sexology: selected papers from the Sixth World Congress (pp. 331-336). New York: Praeger.

Barlow D. ( 1973). "Increasing heterosexual responsiveness in the treatment of sexual deviation: A review of the clinical and experimental evidence". Behavior Therapy, 4, 655-671.

Barlow D. H. ( 1986). "The causes of sexual dysfunctions: The role of anxiety and cognitive interference". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 140- 148.

Barlow D., Becker R., Leitenberg H., & Agras W. ( 1970). "A mechanical strainguage for recording penile circumference change"

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