Child Pornography and Sex Rings
Kenneth V. Lanning FBI Academy Ann Wolbert Burgess University of Pennsylvania
Over the past 10 years, the availability of literature on sexual assault has increased significantly. Due primarily to feminist-movement writers speaking out on rape ( Brownmiller, 1975; Clark & Lewis, 1977) and incest ( Armstrong, 1978; Brady, 1979), clinical studies suggesting interventions have been initiated ( Burgess, Groth, Holmstrom, & Sgroi, 1978; Herman & Hirshman, 1982; Sgroi, 1981).
The incidence data on child sexual assault reveal that one in four females will be molested or raped by the time she reaches age 20 and that she will be at risk for sexual victimization by a family member ( Finkelhor, 1979a). The numbers for male victimization are more hidden, perhaps because boys are reluctant to admit to being victimized. However, clinical data are increasingly suggesting that boys may be at equal risk for sexual victimization ( Swift, 1977), since they are the preferred targets of habitual pedophiles and victims of child sex rings ( Groth, Longo, & McFaddin, 1982; Burgess, Groth, & McCausland, 1981).
A counterculture movement for child sex is reported in the media to be gaining momentum through radical writings and opinions of pro-incest groups, organized pedophiles, and sexologists who argue for children's sexual rights ( Leo, 1981). Also, self-styled therapists