By GEORGE DEVEREUX*
The present monograph is the first systematic study of the psychiatric theories and practices of a primitive tribe.1 Its primary focus is, thus, the exploration of that portion of Mohave culture that pertains to mental derangements, as understood by the Mohave. In this sense the present work is comparable in its orientation to monongraphs entitled, e. g., "Ethnobotany" or "Ethnogeography" that deal, respectively, with the botanical or geographical ideas, beliefs, and practices of some aboriginal group, but are primarily contributions to anthropology rather than to botany or to geography. In simplest terms, the present study is a kind of "Mohave textbook of psychiatry," dictated by Mohave "psychiatrists" to the anthropological fieldworker.
The second focus is the recording of all obtainable information on psychiatric illnesses in the Mohave tribe and an analysis of their social and culture setting. In this sense this work is a contribution to the study of "culture and the abnormal personality," or, as this field of inquiry is presently called, ethnopsychiatry.
The primary objective would not have permitted this work to be entitled "Ethnopsychiatry," since this term has come to denote primarily the science of the relationship between culture and mental disorder--i. e., that branch of "culture and personality studies" that deals with the abnormal personality. However, since the secondary objective of this work was to collect data on mental disorders in Mohave society and to interpret them in terms of Mohave culture and society, the title, "Mohave Ethnopsychiatry" is correctly used in both of the senses that the term "ethnopsychiatry" now possesses.
Although this work is addressed primarily to anthropologists, it is hoped that it will prove of interest also to psychiatrists and to the____________________