Eve Arnold, 1912–2012, American photographer, b. Philadelphia as Eve Cohen. She moved to New York City at 28, and soon was studying photography at the New School; during this period she sold her first portfolio. She married in 1948, began working with the Magnum photographic cooperative in 1951, and became a full member of Magnum in 1957. In 1961 she moved to England. Arnold was one of the finest 20th-century photojournalists, and her pictures appeared often in the Life,Look, and other magazines. Among her best-known series' subjects were the civil-rights movement, migrant workers, and the lives of women. She also became famous for her photos of celebrities—from movie stars to heads of state—and she is particularly known for those of Marilyn Monroe. Her books include The Unretouched Woman (1976), In China (1980, National Book Award), In America (1983), the autobiographical In Retrospect (1995), Film Journal (2002), Marilyn Monroe (2005), and Eve Arnold's People (2009).