Berdychiv (byĬrdē´chĬf), Rus. Berdichev, city (1989 pop. 92,000), in central Ukraine, on the Hnylopyat River. It is a rail junction and the industrial and trade center of an area where sugar beets are raised. Engineering, sugar refining, tanning, and the manufacture of foodstuffs are the major industries. Founded in the 14th cent., Berdychiv passed to Lithuania in 1546 and to Poland in 1569; Russia acquired it in 1793. During the 18th cent., Berdychiv was an important Ukrainian commercial city and a center of Jewish Hasidism. Landmarks include a fortified Carmelite monastery (17th cent.) that is now a museum.
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Publication information: Article title: Berdychiv. Encyclopedia title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. © 2012 The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia © 2012, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. Used with the permission of Columbia University Press. All Rights Reserved. Publisher: The Columbia University Press. Place of publication: Not available. Publication year: 2013.
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