Eanes, António dos Santos Ramalho
António dos Santos Ramalho Eanes (äNtôn´yōō dōōs säN´tōōz rämäl´yōō yä´nēsh), 1935–, Portuguese military leader and politician. Eanes became disillusioned with Portugal's colonial policy and in 1974 joined other dissatisfied officers in the Armed Forces movement, which helped overthrow the dictatorial regime of Marcello Caetano. As the revolutionary regimes became more radical in 1975, he emerged as a leader of the centrist officers, and in Nov., 1975, was chiefly responsible for defeating the last important leftist coup attempt. Elected president in 1976, he held that office until 1986, playing an important role in consolidating democracy in Portugal.
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Publication information: Article title: Eanes, António dos Santos Ramalho. Encyclopedia title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. © 2012 The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia © 2012, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. Used with the permission of Columbia University Press. All Rights Reserved. Publisher: The Columbia University Press. Place of publication: Not available. Publication year: 2013.
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