Gettysburg (gĕt´ēzbûrg´), borough (1990 pop. 7,025), seat of Adams co., S Pa.; inc. 1806. There is agriculture and the production of furniture and metal goods. Gettysburg was settled c.1780 and is named for Gen. James Gettys, to whom its site was granted (17th cent.) by William Penn. The Gettysburg campaign (1863) was a turning point in the Civil War; President Abraham Lincoln made his famous Gettysburg Address there. Gettysburg National Military Park, including the Gettysburg Museum and Visitor Center with its cyclorama painting of the battle; Gettysburg National Cemetery; and the farm of President Dwight D. Eisenhower are national historic shrines and popular tourist attractions (see National Parks and Monuments, table). In the borough are Gettysburg College and Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg.
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Publication information: Article title: Gettysburg. Encyclopedia title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. © 2012 The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia © 2012, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. Used with the permission of Columbia University Press. All Rights Reserved. Publisher: The Columbia University Press. Place of publication: Not available. Publication year: 2013.
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