Henley, William Ernest
William Ernest Henley, 1849–1903, English poet, critic, and editor. Although crippled by tuberculosis of the bone, he led an active, vigorous life. As editor of several reviews successively, he introduced to the public a galaxy of young writers, including Kipling, Wells, and Yeats. Although his verse is noted for its bravado and spirit of defiance, his poetry could be equally delicate and lyrical. His best-known poems include
"England, My England,"
which concludes with the famous lines
"I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul."
Henley's volumes of verse include A Book of Verses (1888), The Song of the Sword (1892), and For England's Sake (1900). He collaborated on four plays with Robert Louis Stevenson, with whom he enjoyed a long friendship.
See biography by J. Connell (1949, repr. 1971); study by J. H. Buckley (1945, repr. 1971).
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Publication information: Article title: Henley, William Ernest. Encyclopedia title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. © 2012 The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia © 2012, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. Used with the permission of Columbia University Press. All Rights Reserved. Publisher: The Columbia University Press. Place of publication: Not available. Publication year: 2013.
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