Hugh of Saint Victor
Hugh of Saint Victor, 1096–1141, French or German philosopher and theologian, a canon regular of the monastery of St. Victor, Paris, from c.1115. In 1133 he was made head of the monastery school, which became under him one of the principal centers of learning in medieval France. Hugh made St. Victor the chief competitor of Abelard's school (see Abelard). Hugh's Eruditionis didascaliae libri VII expounds his new contribution to the division of knowledge. De sacramentis Christianae fidei (On the Sacraments of the Christian Faith; tr. by R. J. Defarrari, 1957), Hugh's chief work, is a general thesis on dogmatic theology, giving him his high place in medieval philosophy. Hugh also wrote many mystical works (e.g., Arca Noë moralis, Arca Noë mystica, De amore sponsi ad sponsam) and he was long best known for them. His mystical teaching was very influential in the history of his school, but he was not so extreme as his successors, notably Richard of Saint Victor. He was responsible for the celebrated division of the mystical ascent into three stages: thought (with which we see God in nature), meditation (with which we see God within ourselves), and contemplation (with which we see God as if face to face).
See The Didascalicon of Hugh of St. Victor (with notes and tr. by J. Taylor, 1961, rpt. 1991).
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Article title: Hugh of Saint Victor. Encyclopedia title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. © 2012 The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia © 2012, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. Used with the permission of Columbia University Press. All Rights Reserved. Publisher: The Columbia University Press. Place of publication: Not available. Publication year: 2013.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.