Matthiessen, F. O.
F. O. Matthiessen: (Francis Otto Matthiessen) (măth´Ĭsĕn), 1902–50, American critic, b. Pasadena, Calif., grad. Yale Univ., 1923, B.Litt., Oxford, 1925, Ph.D., Harvard, 1927. A Rhodes Scholar at Oxford, he was professor of history and literature at Harvard (1929–50). As a critic Matthiessen was interested in the history of American literature and the relationship of literature to society. He was a devout Christian and a committed socialist. His works include Sarah Orne Jewett (1929), American Renaissance (1941), Henry James: The Major Phase (1944), and Theodore Dreiser (1951). Some recent scholars argue that Matthieseen's fears of the exposure of his left-wing activities and his homosexuality contributed to his suicide.
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Publication information: Article title: Matthiessen, F. O. Encyclopedia title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. © 2012 The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia © 2012, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. Used with the permission of Columbia University Press. All Rights Reserved. Publisher: The Columbia University Press. Place of publication: Not available. Publication year: 2013.
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