Mkapa, Benjamin William
Benjamin William Mkapa (mkä´pä), 1938–, Tanzanian diplomat and political leader, grad. Makerere Univ. (1962). Acquiring a background in both the foreign service and journalism, Mkapa served in a variety of posts, including founding director of the Tanzania News Agency (1976–77), minister for foreign affairs (1977–80, 1984–90), minister for information (and culture, 1980–82; and broadcasting, 1990–92), and minister for science, technology, and higher education, and as a member of parliament (1985–95) from the Party of the Revolution (Chama Cha Mapinduzi), Tanzania's ruling party since independence. Elected president in 1995 and reelected in 2000, he oversaw reforms that increased the role of free markets in the country's previously socialist economy.
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Publication information: Article title: Mkapa, Benjamin William. Encyclopedia title: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. © 2012 The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia © 2012, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. Used with the permission of Columbia University Press. All Rights Reserved. Publisher: The Columbia University Press. Place of publication: Not available. Publication year: 2013.
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