Kurt Tucholsky (kŏŏrt tōōkhôl´skē), 1890–1935, German political satirist and journalist. Ranging over a wide variety of subjects and styles, Tucholsky's pacifist, antifascist writing marked a high point in German literary journalism. He wrote under four pseudonyms: Ignaz Wrobel (contemporary satire), Peter Panter (theater and literary criticism, travel), Theobald Tiger (poetry), Kaspar Hauser (character of despair, reflecting the drive that led Tucholsky to suicide). Among his works are Deutschland, Deutschland über alles (1929), and a collection in English translation, The World Is a Comedy (1957), and an anthology of his satirical works, What If (tr. 1969).