Green Nations: White Papers and Technological Innovations Are One Thing, but Implementation Is Another. So Which Countries Are Committed to Switching to Renewable Energy? (Renewable-Energy Special)

Geographical, August 2003 | Go to article overview

Green Nations: White Papers and Technological Innovations Are One Thing, but Implementation Is Another. So Which Countries Are Committed to Switching to Renewable Energy? (Renewable-Energy Special)


Spain Ten years ago, Spain had virtually no renewable-energy capacity, but today it's a big success story for wind power, capable of producing just under 5,000 megawatts. It's home to Gamesa, the world's fourth-largest wind-turbine manufacturer, and BP Solar's main European manufacturing base. Assisted by high electricity tariffs and supportive governments, Spain's biomass and solar industries are also growing.

Germany The global leader for wind and solar power, with the biomass and fuel-cell industries close behind. Germany has more than 12,000MW of capacity--more than 5 per cent of the country's electricity. This is remarkable, given that its wind resources aren't the best in Europe. Its '100,000 solar roofs' programme has been a huge success and is ahead of target. Critical to the success has been a public and political consensus to support renewables and move away from nuclear power, and lucrative 'feed-in' tariffs that not only provide an attractive price for developers but ensure that the big utilities have to take the electricity.

Japan The Japanese are keen to reduce their dependence on oil and gas. And this will happen now that their utilities are required by law to take a proportion of energy from renewable sources. Their '70,000 solar roofs' programme is well advanced and they also have a small wind-power programme. Four Japanese companies are in the top-ten solar-cell producers.

USA Has the resources to be self-sufficient in renewable energy--in particular biomass, solar, wind and hydro--but a cheap-fuel policy and a political system heavily funded, and influenced, by fossil-fuel companies has slowed uptake. However, individual states have broken the pattern: Texas and Iowa are big successes on the wind front; California has a long-standing wind programme and solar energy is now getting significant support. A number of US companies are at the forefront of new biomass, fuel-cell and solar-cell developments.

Denmark A long-time pioneer of renewables, with strong political consensus over energy policy based on high prices, energy efficiency, combined heat and power plants and renewables. Almost ten per cent of the country's electricity comes from wind power, and there are plans to triple that. The country is home to three of the top six wind-turbine manufacturers; Vestas is number one, with 22 per cent of global market share. Offshore wind-power programmes are now set to take off and biomass systems using wood-chip heating and anaerobic digestion are also doing well.

Kenya As a poor country with little coherent policy or government financial support, Kenya is where necessity truly is the mother of invention. More than 30,000 solar photovoltaic systems are in use, driven by a serious power shortage and little access to electricity in rural areas. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Green Nations: White Papers and Technological Innovations Are One Thing, but Implementation Is Another. So Which Countries Are Committed to Switching to Renewable Energy? (Renewable-Energy Special)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.