Fifty years ago, the new Moscow State University building was opened on Vorobyovy (Sparrow) Hills. A monument to Mikhail Lomonosov was also unveiled at the university on the same day. The main building of the university is 32 stories high and is topped by a 57 meter spire.
On this day the first all women's college in Russia was opened (August 23, old style). The college was named Bestuzhevskiye Courses, after Professor Bestuzhev-Ryumin, the official founder and first director. The college was only open to women 21 years and older who had secondary education, and whose families could afford the tuition. "Bestuzhevki" (as the college's students were called) studied history, philology, physics and mathematics.
Chemist Alexander Butlerov, father of the theory, of chemical structure and founder of the famous Kazan School of organic chemistry, was born on this day: According to Butlerov, characteristics of a substance could he deduced based on its chemical structure and vice versa. Butlerov authored the popular textbook, Introduction to Complete Studies of Organic Chemistry, in which he introduced his new theory.
This is the birthday of Yevgeny Svetlanov, one of Russia's distinguished conductors. Also a talented pianist and the author of numerous symphonies and musical poems, Svetlanov was for many years chief conductor of the Bolshoi Theatre. His major works were recorded in the 1960s, when he conducted the Soviet Union's State Symphony Orchestra.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Article title: Calendar. Contributors: Not available. Magazine title: Russian Life. Volume: 46. Issue: 5 Publication date: September-October 2003. Page number: 16+. © 2002 Russian Life. COPYRIGHT 2003 Gale Group.
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