PIA's History and Industrial Relations

Economic Review, May 1991 | Go to article overview

PIA's History and Industrial Relations


PIA's History and Industrial Relations

ISHTIAQ AHMED QURESHI, is the General Manager Industrial Relations, PIA. He holds Master's degree in Arts and Bachelorsdegree in Law besides having Diplomas in Industrial and Labour Laws from Karachi University and Basic Management Programme from Manila, Philippines. Mr. Qureshi's service experience spans over 20 years in various managerial capacities. His main area of professional interest ranges from Personnel Management to Rules making and interpretation. His achievements also include various compilations and publications.

Pakistan, at creation, inherited Orient Airways - a private company. The small aircraft operated by this airlines did not permit non-stop flights, between East and West Pakistan - the two integral parts of the country - which were not linked with any surface route. In 1954, therefore, the Government established Pakistan International Airlines and started non-stop flights between the two wings (Karachi-Dhaka), with three Super-constellations. In 1955, PIA and Orient Airways were merged to form PIAC with an authorised capital of Rs. 50 million, with a fleet of 3 Super-constellations, 2 Convairs - 240 and 10 DC-3. The year after that, it started flights to London. To cater for the increased traffic load, Convairs were replaced with Vickers Viscounts in 1958-59 and the DC-3 with Fokker (F-27), two years later.

PIA was the first Asian carrier to operate a jet aircraft (B-707 leased from PANAM) on London route. The encouraging results of this operation prompted PIA to purchase 3 Boeings (B-720) in 1961-62. PIA is also the first airline to start service to Western Europe through Moscow and from a non-communist country to China. Opened in 1963-64, PIA's China flight made history. Ten years later, Karachi-Beijing-Tokyo flights were routed overflying the Karakorams, thus economising the flight time and distance.

Keeping pace with its consistent progress, PIA replaced Viscounts with Tridents and, in turn, with B-707/B-720 and subsequently entered into the family of carriers operating Jumbo Jet by introducing Wide Body (DC-10) in 1974, Jumbo (B-747) in 1976, and Airbus (A-300) in 1980. Today, PIA's fleet consists on: a) Boeing 747-200 - 8, b) A-300 - B4 - 8, c) Boeing 707 - 5, d) Boeing 737-300 - 6, e) Fokker (F-27) - 14, f) f) Twin Otter - 2.

Today, PIA embraces 45 international and 32 domestic stations as against the 9 domestic destinations which were on its route in the beginning. However, the 70's ended on a rather dismal note for the airline as overstaffing, deteriorating performance and a general complacency coupled with massive increase in fuel price, seriously affected PIA's profitability and tarnished its image at home and abroad.

In order to save the airline from further deterioration, the Government made changes in the management and promulgated MLR-52 in January 1981, thereby banning union activities. This strategy, coupled with proper planning and freshly diffused spirit of discipline and feelings of hardwork among the employees, paid dividends by turning the tide of low profits experienced during the past two years, and the airlines earned a profit of 220 million, substantially exceeding its own target of Rs. 130.50 million fixed at the start of the year. Besides pursuing its own economic pursuits, PIA plays an important national-building role by supporting the families of nearly 20,000 employees and by contributing significantly, to the training of technicians, engineers and skilled workers for their gainful employment within PIA and outside. PIA is a roaming Ambassador of the country and helps project Pakistan - its cities, cultures and heritage - and wins friends and goodwill for it.

The PIA Training Centre at Karachi is fully equipped to impart comprehensive instructions in all major fields of airline industry - flying, engineering, marketing, management etc., and, courses are conducted in conformity with the industry requirements and the standards laid down by the Regularity Bodies within and outside the country - Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) of the United Kingdom, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States and the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

PIA's History and Industrial Relations
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.