Suppressing the Commons: Misconstrued Patriotism vs. a Psychology of Liberation

By McCook, Kathleen de la Pena | Reference & User Services Quarterly, Fall 2003 | Go to article overview

Suppressing the Commons: Misconstrued Patriotism vs. a Psychology of Liberation


McCook, Kathleen de la Pena, Reference & User Services Quarterly


In these affairs, no gun is needed. The victims do it all themselves. And the bullets never miss.--Bruce Jackson, CounterPunch, May 2003

Libraries play an important role in community building by supporting the public sphere to provide a commons environment that addresses the need for people to meet and interact with others. (1) Additionally, the library preserves historical and cultural memory and maintains resources for discourse and decision-making. However, since the tragic events of September 11, 2001, and the passage of the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act, the community-building commons role of the public library has been at risk. Learning why first requires a look at the climate for free speech in the United States since September 11.

Patriotism, when construed as unquestioning support for government actions, narrows discourse and chills dissent. There have been numerous well-publicized instances since September 11 that have equated dissent with lack of patriotism. These include:

* Canceling public speeches by government critics such as Tim Bobbins (by the Baseball Hall of Fame) and Susan Sarandon (by the United Way of Tampa Bay). Both Robbins and Sarandon have been featured on American Library Association READ posters.

* Censoring Michael Moore's book Stupid White Men until librarian Ann Sparanese led an e-campaign to save it.

* Clear Channel Communications' protesting the singing group Dixie Chicks because one of the singers dared to criticize the war in Iraq.

In a Bad Subjects essay, Lockard characterizes Iraqi war culture as the "beginning of progressive regimentalization. It supplies rationales of repression, demands for the subordination of counter-argument, delimitations between permissible speech, and silence that knows its place." (2) Jackson describes the heartbreaking self-censorship of archivists and librarians who buckle to silent pressure to conform to government ideology. He discusses the case of the Smithsonian's downgrading of Subhankar Baneriee's photographs of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge from a main floor rotunda to a smaller, lower room where the text is cut from most of the captions. The photos were evidently deemed unpatriotic or offensive to a government bent on drilling for oil. "In these affairs," states Jackson, "no gun is needed. The victims do it all themselves. And the bullets never miss. (3)

Protection of the commons function of public libraries and public museums requires recognition of subtle threats as well as the obvious. The full scope of the public sphere must be comprehended. While the suppression of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge exhibit and the attempts to censor the free speech rights of Robbins, Sarandon, Moore, and the Dixie Chicks have been widely discussed and analyzed, there is also ongoing suppression and erosion of the public sphere in libraries. A few examples from Florida illustrate the level of vigilance required to defend the commons function and to protect the public sphere.

The Public Sphere and Florida's Libraries

   What if the Church and the State
   Are the mob that howls at the door!
   --William Butler Yeats, "Church and
   State," 1934

Fighting to Save the State Library of Florida

Public library administrators in Florida meet annually at a conference sponsored by the State Library of Florida. The fall 2002 conference, held during the race for governor, was to have included Lance deHaven-Smith, a widely published and quoted professor of public administration at Florida State University, as a speaker on Florida trends.

However, in an August 2002 column on Florida politics deHaven-Smith noted that Florida Republicans had been using "the state government itself against the Florida electorate." They had "become aggressive in punishing their critics, insisting on total loyalty from professional staff, drastically reducing civil service protections, and interjecting politics into the administration of Florida's public universities. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Suppressing the Commons: Misconstrued Patriotism vs. a Psychology of Liberation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.