War and Peace in the Curriculum
Ediger, Marlow, Journal of Instructional Psychology
The author, born in 1927, has lived through the following wars participated in by the United States:
World War Two, 1941-1945
The Korean War, 1950-1953
The Vietnamese War, 1962-1974
The Gulf War, 1991
The Iraq War, 2003
In this article he describe a point of few concerning war and peace.
Wars and rumors of wars seemingly abound and are in the offing. In 1999, the United States bombed Belgrade, Serbia over the rule of Slovadon Milosevich and his acts against the Bosnians, the Croations, and the Albanians. The bombing was for horrible treatment of the later three nations, formerly a part of Yugoslavia together with Serbia. The author served as a teacher and relief worker in the West Bank of the Jordan River 1952- 1954. The Palestinian Arab refugees then numbered approximately one million. Now in 2003, there are four million Palestinian Arab refugees, and the future of these refugees indeed looks bleak with more, no doubt, in the offing.
Negative results of war include (1. an increased number of homeless people (2. destroyed and damaged homes (3. places of business bombed and eliminated (4. remaining land mines in rural areas (5. killed and maimed military men and civilians (6. grieving people over loved ones who have died during a war (7) fear of more war and its aftermath 8) mental illnesses of those who saw the worst possible situations in war, be it as a soldier or a civilian 18. loss of money for education and welfare due to the money going to finance the heavy cost of war (9. redoing a government, domestically, for a defeated nation after a war (10. a lack of aide for a defeated nation coming from the victorious countries.
Generally, during wartime and its aftermath, helpless children of a country under heavy seize suffer the most. However, the parents of children truly suffer equally much when there is no/too little food for starving offspring. Hopelessness Is a major outcome of wars.
Advocates of Intervention in War
There are generally many people in a nation who advocate wars to defeat the enemy. These nations tend to be stronger militarily than their enemy. A possible losing nation in a war hardly would advocate an offense against its enemy. But defensively, all nations tend to fight their foe. Reasons given for an offensive war:
* now is the time for war rather than later on when the enemy has chances to become stronger militarily.
* the enemy nation has weapons of mass destruction which need to be destroyed.
* a regime change is necessary to implement democracy in the enemy dictatorship.
* an alliance is needed to destroy the enemy so that the world knows it is not one nation only, that wants a regime change. However, if this is not possible, then a nation needs to act unilaterally.
* the enemy nation must be totally disarmed by force. Force is the only language which the enemy understands.
* the deadline needs to be established whereby the enemy nation is totally disarmed. The deadline needs to hurry along the earliest date for disarmament, be it reasonable or unreasonable, set by the United Nations. If the United Nations does not agree to setting the date for beginning the war, the dominant nation will go it alone, regardless of public opinion.
* other nations will be told to rebuild the defeated country. Once a nation is defeated, the victor has no responsibility for the defeated country.
* victors in war have always given the good things to people in their society. Pacifists have freedom to protest due to the military's endeavors of obtaining complete victory. They have not been helpful in the war efforts.
* saluting the flag and saying the pledge of allegiance each day helps in showing patriotism.
* each person owes it to his/her country to unite in fighting the enemy.
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Publication information: Article title: War and Peace in the Curriculum. Contributors: Ediger, Marlow - Author. Journal title: Journal of Instructional Psychology. Volume: 30. Issue: 4 Publication date: December 2003. Page number: 288+. © 2009 George Uhlig Publisher. COPYRIGHT 2003 Gale Group.
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