The International Year of Rice

By Remmert, Consuelo | UN Chronicle, December 2003 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

The International Year of Rice


Remmert, Consuelo, UN Chronicle


The United Nations on 31 October 2003 proclaimed 2004 as the International Year of Rice (IYR). The purpose of the Year is to raise public awareness of a crop that is essential for the sustainability of several poor nations. The General Assembly aims to encourage an increase in rice production through a more efficient use of water and land resources.

It is the second time in the history of the United Nations that a year is dedicated to rice. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) had declared 1966 as the International Rice Year. Rice deserves the spotlight because it is an indispensable ingredient for the achievement of the Millennium Declaration's first goal: eradication of extreme poverty and hunger.

Approximately 840 million people around the world suffer from chronic hunger. Malnutrition hinders physical and mental development in children and impedes adults in performing adequately in the workplace. Fifty per cent of the hungry live in regions that depend on rice production for nutrition. Pre-school children in Bangladesh serve as an example, for they derive 76 per cent of their caloric intake from this grain.

The IYR focuses on improving the efficiency of rice production in order to maximize crop yields and feed an ever-increasing number of individuals. It calls for collaboration between Government and civil society to help developing countries grow more rice with fewer resources. Reducing the need for land resources is a pressing concern, because the world loses one hectare of fertile land every eight seconds.

The General Assembly demands that public funding be made available for rice research. Scientific research promotes agricultural breakthroughs that can enhance the condition of the world's hungry and is responsible for the discovery of new varieties that out-yield all others in certain climatic ecosystems, such as the "Miracle Rice" that thrives in the tropics.

Current research proposes to raise the nutritive value of staple foods like rice Innovative methods could facilitate access by malnourished individuals to foods that are more nutritious and easier to produce. This process, known as bio-fortification, "requires an interdisciplinary alliance of research and implementing institutions", says Dr. Howard Bouis, Director of the Biofortification Challenge Program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

The International Year of Rice
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?