Pertes De Vie et Blessures Par Accidents De la Route Chez Les Pietons a Montreal et a Toronto

By Thouez, Jean Pierre; Bourbeau, Robert et al. | Canadian Journal of Urban Research, Winter 2003 | Go to article overview

Pertes De Vie et Blessures Par Accidents De la Route Chez Les Pietons a Montreal et a Toronto


Thouez, Jean Pierre, Bourbeau, Robert, Rannou, Andre, Bergeron, Jacques, Nadeau, Josiane, Bussiere, Yves, Canadian Journal of Urban Research


Resume

Cette etude presente une analyse comparative de la mortalite et de la morbidite dues aux accidents de la route impliquant des pietons, dans les regions metropolitaines de recensement (RMR) de Montreal et de Toronto, en distinguant la ville-centre de la peripherie (RMR sans la ville-centre). Pour la periode 1995-1997, on ne trouve pas de difference significative de mortalite entre les deux villes-centre, Montreal et Toronto; par contre, la morbidite est nettement plus elevee a Toronto, tant pour les hommes que pour les femmes. Dans les peripheries (RMR sans la ville centre), la mortalite ne presente pas de differences entre les deux regions alors que la morbidite est plus elevee pour les hommes residant a Montreal. Le faible nombre de deces de pietons observes selon l'age et le sexe ne permet de pas faire ressortir des differences dans les taux par age et par sexe entre les regions. Cependant, les taux de morbidite sont plus eleves dans la ville-centre de Toronto, pour la plupart des groupes d'ages et pour chacun des deux sexes ; en peripherie, les taux de morbidite sont plus eleves chez les hommes de moins de 25 ans et de 75 ans et plus de la region de Montreal.

Pour expliquer ces resultats, des caracteristiques comparables des accidents de pietons dans les deux regions ont ete tirees des rapports de police. Dans les villes-centre, plusieurs caracteristiques des accidents distinguent nettement les deux regions : les variations quotidiennes et horaires, l'eclairement, la vitesse autorisee, l'etat de la chaussee, les conditions meteorologiques, le type de vehicule implique. Il en va de meme dans les peripheries, sauf en ce qui concerne les variations journalieres. Les auteurs comparent, dans la mesure du possible, ces resultats avec ceux obtenus dans d'autres pays.

Mots cles: Deces, blessures, accidents de la route, pietons, Montreal, Toronto.

Abstract

In this study we present an update of out work concerning pedestrians who have been the victims of road accidents in the metropolitan census regions of Montreal and Toronto. From 1995 to 1997 the adjusted rates of mortality are not different in the two cites. However, the adjusted rates for morbidity are statistically different for men and for women. Accidents implicating women are higher in Toronto. For the peripheral areas (RMR-City Center) there is no difference between Toronto and Montreal with respect to mortality. There is one with respect to morbidity, which is higher in Montreal for men. Where mortality is concerned, one must be careful when comparing specific rates respecting sex and age because of the small number of cases available in the study. The rates of morbidity are higher for most of the age groups for each of the two sexes for the city center of Toronto; and for males 0-24 years and 75 and over for the peripheral area of Montreal.

To explain these results, comparable variables were taken from police reports for the same period. The daily variations, schedules of serious road accidents involving pedestrians as well as lighting, speeding, condition of the roadway, weather, and the type of vehicle involved are significant for the city centers. These factors are also significant for the peripheral areas with the exception of the daily variations. To the extent possible, the authors compare these results with those obtained through studies in other countries.

Keywords: Deaths, injuries, road traffic accidents, pedestrians, Montreal, Toronto.

**********

Au cours de la periode 1988-1997, 486 pietons ont perdu la vie en moyenne chaque annee au Canada. La majorite des pietons decedes se retrouvent au Quebec et en Ontario, avec respectivement 141 deces (29% de l'ensemble) et 147 deces (30%). De plus, 15 358 pietons ont ete blesses au Canada, en moyenne chaque annee, durant cette periode de dix ans, soit 4240 au Quebec (27,6%) et 5515 en Ontario (35,9%). Pour le Canada, les pertes de vie ont diminue au cours de la periode etudiee de 31% chez les pietons de sexe masculin et de 27 % chez ceux de sexe feminin. …

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