The Relationship between School Health Councils and School Health Policies and Programs in US Schools

By Brener, Nancy D.; Kann, Laura et al. | Journal of School Health, April 2004 | Go to article overview

The Relationship between School Health Councils and School Health Policies and Programs in US Schools


Brener, Nancy D., Kann, Laura, McManus, Tim, Stevenson, Beth, Wooley, Susan F., Journal of School Health


ABSTRACT: This study analyzed data from the School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) 2000 to examine the relationship between school health councils and selected school health policies and programs. SHPPS 2000 collected data from faculty and staff in a nationally representative sample of schools. About two-thirds (65.7%) of US schools have school health councils. Schools with councils were significantly more likely than schools without councils to report policies and programs related to health services, mental health and social services, faculty and staff health promotion, and family and community involvement. Schools with councils were as likely as schools without councils to report policies and programs related to health education, physical education, and food service. Although school health councils are associated with the presence of some key school health policies and programs, a council does not guarantee a school will have all important school health policies and programs in place. (J Sch Health. 2004;74(4): 130-135)

**********

A school health council is a group of individuals from a school or school district and its community that provides advice on aspects of the school health program. (1) Councils are found at the school district and individual school levels. Different names have been used to describe councils, including school health advisory council, (1) school health committee, (2) healthy school team, (3) and community school health coordinating council. (4) Regardless of name, each group has been described as a critical component of a school health program. For example, Fetro (3) explains that establishing a healthy school team is a step that schools can take to establish a school health program. Similarly, the Institute of Medicine states that "the essential foundation for any successful comprehensive school health program is built from the involvement of a wide range of community stakeholders" and continues that "this involvement can be effectively organized and channeled through the formation of some type of 'community school health coordinating council." (4 (p 63))

Recommendations from the Committee on School Health of the American Academy of Pediatrics, (2) and guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), (5-7) also underscore the importance of establishing and maintaining school health councils. For example, CDC's Guidelines for School Health Programs to Promote Lifelong Healthy Eating recommend involvement of family members and the community in supporting and reinforcing nutrition education, and note that engagement of community resources to respond to the nutritional needs of children can be accomplished through school health advisory councils. (7)

Most publications about school health councils provide guidance to individuals and schools on the basics of school health councils, such as how to start a council, select council members, and conduct council meetings.'.8 These publications, however, do not provide information about the prevalence, characteristics, or effectiveness of existing school health councils.

One exception is a study by Dorman and Foulk9 that assessed characteristics of district-level school health councils in North Carolina, including number of members, number of meetings, and council functions. They did not, however, assess the quality of these councils and called for further study on the role of councils in the successful implementation of school health programs.

Killip et al (10) describe some case studies that document the effectiveness of a school health council as a means to improve the school health program, but no study to date has examined how school health councils nationwide are associated with multiple characteristics of school health programs. This study used data from the School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) 2000 to describe the prevalence of school health councils in schools in the United States and to examine the relationship between school health councils and selected school health policies and programs. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Relationship between School Health Councils and School Health Policies and Programs in US Schools
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.