Bullying in College by Students and Teachers

By Chapell, Mark; Casey, Diane et al. | Adolescence, Spring 2004 | Go to article overview

Bullying in College by Students and Teachers


Chapell, Mark, Casey, Diane, De la Cruz, Carmen, Ferrell, Jennifer, Forman, Jennifer, Lipkin, Randi, Newsham, Megan, Sterling, Michael, Whittaker, Suzanne, Adolescence


The problem of bullying in school is common throughout the world (Smith, Morita, Junger-Tas, Olweus, Catalano, & Slee, 1999). Olweus conducted the first systematic investigation of bullying in the early 1970s in Norway (Olweus, 1973), and has surveyed bullying behaviors in hundreds of thousands of Norwegian and Swedish primary and secondary school students over the last 30 years (Olweus, 1999). Olweus's studies show that bullying is widespread in Scandinavian schools, with an average of 7% of students acting as bullies from the 2nd through 9th grades, while the average percentage of students being bullied decreases with age, dropping from 15% in 2nd grade to 5% in 9th grade. Similar findings have been reported in studies in England and Wales (Smith, 1999), Ireland (O'Moore, Kirkham, & Smith, 1997), Spain (Ortega & Mora-Merchan, 1999), the Netherlands (Junger-Tas, 1999), Japan (Morita, Soeda, Soeda, & Taki, 1999), Australia (Rigby & Slee, 1999a), and the United States (Nansel, Overpeck, Pilla, Ruan, Simons-Morton, & Scheidt, 2001; National Center for Educational Statistics [NCES], 2001a, 2002), suggesting that bullying and being bullied in school is a common experience for children and adolescents across very different cultures.

In the United States, the problem of bullying in school did not generate much research attention until the 1990s (Harachi, Catalano, & Hawkins, 1999). As part of the 1993 National Household Education Survey (NCES, 1995a), 6,500 6th-12th graders nationwide were asked about bullying in school, and an average of 8% reported having been bullied, with victimization decreasing with age from 13% of 6th graders to 2.9% of 12th graders. In 1999, 8,400 6th-12th graders were interviewed as part of the School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCES, 2001b), and 5% reported having been bullied at school during the preceding six months, with victimization decreasing with age from 10.5% of 6th graders to 1.2% of 12th graders. In a recent Indicators of School Crime and Safety survey (NCES, 2002), the percentage of students aged 12-18 years who reported having been bullied at school during the previous six months increased from the 5% in 1999 to 8% in 2001, with victimization decreasing with age from 14.3% of 6th graders to 2.4% of 12th graders (it is important to note that in the 1999 survey, "at school" meant in the school building, on the school grounds, or on a school bus, whereas in the 2001 survey, "at school" also included going to or coming from school). Finally, Nansel et al. (2001) investigated the prevalence of bullying in the United States using a nationally representative sample of 15,686 6th-10th graders, and found that an average of 13% bullied others regularly, while 10.6% reported having been bullied on a regular basis, with significantly more 6th-8th graders being bullied than 9th-10th graders.

Interest in the topic of bullying in American schools has increased dramatically in the past few years, perhaps due to the converging findings of recent studies of school killings in the United States (Anderson et al., 2001; Gaughan, Cerio, & Myers, 2001; Meloy, Hempel, Mohandie, Shiva, & Gray, 2001; O'Toole, 2000; Vossekuil, Reddy, Fein, Borum, & Modzelesky, 2000), which indicated that an important precursor to lethal school violence was the fact that many school killers had been bullied in school and sought revenge, becoming "classroom avengers" (McGee & DeBernardo, 1999). Beyond their association with the relatively rare event of school shootings in the United States, bullied students all over the world have been found to surfer many other negative consequences, including school avoidance (NCES, 1995b), low self-esteem (Olweus, 1993; O'Moore & Kirkham, 2001; Smith, 1999), and higher levels of anxiety (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, & Patton, 2001; Kaltiala-Heino, Rimpelae, Rantanen, & Rimpelae, 2000; Okayasu & Takayama, 2000), depression (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, & Patton, 2001; Olweus, 1993; Salmon, James, Cassidy, & Javaloyes, 2000), and suicidality (Carney, 2000; Kaltiala-Heino, Rimpelae, Marttunen, Rimpelae, & Rantanen, 1999; Morita et al.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Bullying in College by Students and Teachers
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.