Arabic Antimissionary Treatises: A Select Annotated Bibliography

By Sharkey, Heather J. | International Bulletin of Missionary Research, July 2004 | Go to article overview

Arabic Antimissionary Treatises: A Select Annotated Bibliography


Sharkey, Heather J., International Bulletin of Missionary Research


The works listed in this bibliography illustrate themes common to Arabic antimissionary treatises. While the Muslim authors of all these works condemn Christian evangelism as a tool of Western imperialism, they differ in political outlook. Some are Arab nationalists--socialist-leaning secularists who extol the unity of Arab peoples and the cultural accomplishments of Islamic civilization; others are Islamists, those who call for the enforcement of Islamic government, law, and custom in the modern world. These volumes, which can be found in American research libraries, represent only a fraction of the Arabic treatises written on this topic.

Ahmad, Ibrahim Khalil. al-Mustashriqun wa'l-mubashshirun fi al'alam al-'arabi wa'l-islami (Orientalists and Missionaries in the Arab Islamic World). Cairo: Maktabat al-Wa'i al-'Arabi, 1964. 111 pages.

The writer was an Egyptian Protestant (Presbyterian) pastor who converted to Islam in 1959 and later was appointed to the government's High Council for Religious Affairs. Once a Christian evangelist to Muslims, he now became a Muslim evangelist to Christians. He argues that Anglo-American missionaries were duplicitous imperial agents and beneficiaries and that they played a role in inciting communal discord. He published other books on similar themes, including al-Ishtiraq wa'l-tabshir wa-silatuhum bil-imbiriliyya al- "alamiyya (Orientalism and Evangelism and Their Connection to Global Imperialism) (Cairo: Maktabat al-Wa'i al'Arabi, 1973), 199 pages.

al-Askar, 'Abd al-'Aziz ibn Ibrahim. al-Tansir wa-muhawalatuhu fi bilad al-khalij al-'arabi (Christianization and Its Attempts in the Gulf Countries). Riyadh: Maktabat al-'Abikan, 1993. 98 pages.

The author, who taught Islamic studies at al-Imam Muhammad ibn Sa'ud Islamic University in Saudi Arabia, emphasizes the Christian threat to Muslims in the Arabian Peninsula and characterizes modern evangelism as a latter-day Crusade. He accuses missionaries of seeking to destroy Islam by planting doubts among Muslims, promoting Zionism in Palestine, abducting children to gain converts, inciting sectarian hatred in Muslim countries, and spying on local communities. He advises Gulf state governments to dissolve Christian churches, urges imams to speak out against Christianity in mosque sermons, promotes the pursuit of worldwide Islamic mission, and discourages Muslim families from visiting Western countries, except when strictly necessary (e.g., when seeking advanced medical care).

al-Bahi, Muhammad. al-Fikr al-islami al-hadith wa-silatuhu bilisti'mar al-gharbi (Modern Islamic Thought and Its Connection to Western Imperialism). 8th ed. Cairo: Maktabat Wahba, 1975. 552 pages.

Writing at the peak of the Nasser era, this Egyptian author aimed to present an intellectual history of the Muslim world from North Africa to Southeast Asia, showing how the conditions of British, French, and Dutch imperialism and the activities of Orientalist scholars and Christian missionaries galvanized Muslim thinkers in the process of modern Islamic reform. He maintains that missionaries sought to transform (if not directly convert) Muslims by weakening Muslim values and morale and by asserting the incompatibility of Islam with modern civilization. He presented similar ideas in a short English-language work published as Mohammad El Bahay, The Attitude of Missionaries and Orientalists Towards Islam (Cairo: United Arab Republic, Government Printing Office, 1963), 43 pages.

al-Basati, Ahmad Sa'd al-Din, al-Tabshir wa-athruhu fi al-bilad al-arabiyya al-islamiyya (Evangelism and Its Influence on the Arab Islamic Countries). Cairo: Dar Abu al-Majid lil-Tiba'a, 1989. 240 pages.

The author traces Christian evangelism to the military failures of the original Crusader wars, and argues that Christian missionaries are neo-Crusaders bent on destroying Islam and conquering the world. He surveys colonial-era missionary work throughout the Middle East, discusses the various missionary conferences of the early twentieth century (beginning with Edinburgh 1910), considers the roles of missionary statesmen such as Samuel M. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Arabic Antimissionary Treatises: A Select Annotated Bibliography
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.