Science, Technology Professions Showing Mixed Progress for Women

By Roach, Ronald | Black Issues in Higher Education, November 4, 2004 | Go to article overview

Science, Technology Professions Showing Mixed Progress for Women


Roach, Ronald, Black Issues in Higher Education


Growth over the past two decades for women in scientific, technological, engineering and mathematical (STEM) jobs has seen uneven progress, according to a report from the Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology (CPST).

Analyzing employment data of women in STEM professions from 1983 to 2003, the commission found women gaining in the percentage of jobs held in the social and natural sciences, but only slight changes in their rate of employment in engineering. They also found a decline in the share of positions held by women in mathematics and computer sciences.

Officials say these are disappointing findings for STEM work force policy-makers and others who have worked for at least a quarter of a century to make better use of the talent of women in U.S. science and engineering. Other highlights from the report:

* Overall, women held 44 percent of all jobs in the United States in 1983. By 2003, that level had risen to 47 percent. Looking only at the STEM occupations, the proportion of women in these jobs in 1983 ranged from 16 to 19 percent to 23 to 26 percent of them in 2002. On the whole, women's representation in science and technology increased by about the same amounts as did their representation in the total work force.

* Women only held 10 percent of the jobs in engineering in 1983, rising just by four percentage points 20 years later in 2002 to 14 percent. The largest gains were in chemical engineering, which has produced significant number of women graduates for many years.

* Women increased their share in all the natural science professions, especially medical science, where women accounted for over half of all employment in 2002. The only other natural science occupation to reach a similar level of participation by women was the group of biological technicians. Overall, in the natural sciences, women represented 38.2 percent of the total work force in 2002.

* In computer science, the percentage of jobs held by women in the "computer systems analysts, scientists, programmers, and related faculty" category was lower at the end of the 20-year period than it was in 1983. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Science, Technology Professions Showing Mixed Progress for Women
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.