Institutions and Land Use Conflicts

By Vaughn, Gerald F. | Journal of Economic Issues, December 2004 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Institutions and Land Use Conflicts


Vaughn, Gerald F., Journal of Economic Issues


Joshua M. Duke's recent JEI article on institutions and land use conflicts (2004) runs along lines largely congruent with my own thinking, though his excellent general theory is far better thought out and written than I could do. I applaud his splendid contribution to the literature in institutional economics bearing on land use, most especially his choice of references that are highly suggestive and his synthesis thereof. This note is offered to illustrate possible extensions of Duke's line of thought, drawing as an example from one reference I have found particularly useful.

Duke cited Rutherford H. Platt's Land Use and Society: Geography, Law, and Public Policy (1996). Not only did it aid Duke's specific discussion of power balance in making land use decisions (2004, 236) but more broadly Platt's book also contains an excellent general model of land-law interaction. Platt's part 1 consists of chapters on "Land Resources and Issues in the United States" and the "The Interaction of Geography and Law." Part 2 includes "English Roots of Modern Land Use Controls," "Property Rights: The Owner as Planner," and "Local Governments in the United States." Part 3 encompasses "Urban Reforms of the 19th Century," "Land Use Zoning: Origins and Practice," "Constitutional and Policy Issues of Urban Planning," and "Beyond Zoning: Urban Land Use Control by Other Means." Part 4, a search for broader land use policies, considers "State and Regional Land Use Programs," "Federal Lands: Policies in Conflict," "Congress and Land Use," and "Conclusion: Successes, Failures, and Fundamentals." A useful and separate index of the court cases cited follows the book's general index.

Platt, a geographer and lawyer, first explained that geography "asks what land is like, why it is used in a particular way, and whether it could be better utilized to achieve specified goals (e.g., housing, food supply, environmental sustainability)." Land use law, he wrote, "addresses how desirable uses of land may be achieved, and who has the authority to decide among competing uses" (1996, 29). Acutely observing the major institutional economics problem of externalities, Platt wrote

   While the nature, extent, and economic consequences of externalities
   vary according to the scale at which they arise, the fundamental
   problem is the same: How can favorable externalities be encouraged
   and adverse externalities suppressed or mitigated? 

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Institutions and Land Use Conflicts
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?