Irregular Warfare: Counterinsurgency in Iraq Provides Template for Fighting Terrorism

By Tiron, Roxana | National Defense, April 2005 | Go to article overview

Irregular Warfare: Counterinsurgency in Iraq Provides Template for Fighting Terrorism


Tiron, Roxana, National Defense


The anti-insurgency tactics the U.S. military is learning in Iraq could be applied globally, which would turn the war on terrorism into a "war on insurgency," said Lt. Gen. William Boykin, deputy undersecretary of defense for intelligence and war fighting support.

"My position is that this is a global insurgency," said Boykin during a forum on special operations and low intensity conflict.

In Iraq and other trouble spots, the United States has to come to grips with the nature of the enemy, he explained. "It is a web of networks that come together in a coalition of convenience. There are links to drug trafficking, money laundering and the like," he said.

An insurgency is a political-military activity, in which the political aspects are much more important than the military aspects, explained a Defense Department official who did not want to be quoted by name. "Understanding the political, economic, financial, legal and cultural issues, is at the core of understanding what is going on," the official said.

The resulting approach means that "we must run a global counterinsurgency if we accept what the war on terror actually is," said James Roberts, acting deputy assistant secretary of defense for special operations and combating terrorism.

The strength and, in many ways, the unpredictability of the insurgency the United States encountered in Iraq, is prompting the Defense Department to accord "stability and security" operations the same priority as combat operations, said Jeffrey "Jeb" Nadaner, deputy assistant secretary of defense for stability operations. "You have to think about what you can do in terms of stability on the ground immediately," and make sure that stability operations are part of the campaign plan from the onset, Nadaner said during a workshop at the conference.

To do that, the Defense Department realizes it has to work closely with both the State and Justice Departments and put their experiences to use in these campaigns, he said.

The department has to think about creating military-civilian teams and stress an interagency model, Nadaner pointed out. Depending on the nature of the stability operation, the makeup of the teams could be more military or more civilian, he suggested.

Congress needs to understand the connection between funding the civilian agencies such as the Agency for International Development and the military. "Funding AID is critical for the military, because AID needs to have funds to do its work in the field, because it is not good enough to have its presence. Somebody needs to have the funds to dig the wells and start the schools," Nadaner said.

The State Department has established what Nadaner calls a heavyweight counterpart to the Defense Department, a new office of stabilization and reconstruction. "The idea behind the office is to be the civilian focal point for these operations for the whole government," he explained. "We are doing a couple of things at the Defense Department to help that office move."

The Pentagon is detailing its own personnel to the organization to help with planning and to give its officials the chance to go to military schools. "We are looking for opportunities in operational planning and we are looking to bring them into our exercises and make them full partners," he said.

Meanwhile, the Defense Department is restructuring its approach and rationale to security assistance abroad. "We realized that the world has a shortage of trained peacekeepers," Nadaner said. "The first country that everyone looks to in time of crisis is the United States," he said. But the United States has its own limitations and already is stretched thin, he added. "There are many countries that want to participate in peacekeeping, too."

Thus, a new program that is called the global peace operations initiative is intent on increasing the number of peacekeepers to 100,000 during the next several years. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Irregular Warfare: Counterinsurgency in Iraq Provides Template for Fighting Terrorism
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.