An Investigation of Vocational Interests and Noctcaelador

By Kelly, William E. | Journal of Instructional Psychology, June 2005 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

An Investigation of Vocational Interests and Noctcaelador

Kelly, William E., Journal of Instructional Psychology

This study explored the relationship between vocational interests and noctcaelador, defined as strong interest in, and psychological attachment to, the night sky. University students (N = 134) completed the Vocational Preference Inventory (Form C) and the Noctcaelador Inventory. The results indicated that students scoring higher on noctcaelador also tended to score higher on realistic, investigative, artistic, and social vocational interests. Regression analyses suggested that artistic and investigative were the only vocational preferences which shared unique variance with noctcaelador. The results are discussed in the context of using learner interests in the night-sky as a teaching strategy.


Research suggests that students learn class material better when it is consistent with their interests (Woolfolk, 1993). Therefore, it is perhaps important for educators to understand students' interests and their respective correlates. One potential student interest recently identified as an area of psychological research is interest in watching the night-sky.

While various societies have watched the night-sky for thousands of years (Brecher & Feirtag, 1979; Hawkins, 1983), night-sky watching as an individual differences variable has only recently become a focus of scientific study. Kelly (2003) and Kelly and Kelly (2003) identified a latent construct which accounted for a majority of the variance in night-sky watching attitudes and behaviors. Kelly (2003) termed this construct noctcaelador and defined it as a strong interest in, and psychological attachment to, the night-sky.

Recent research has found that individuals who scored higher on noctcaelador also scored higher on the openness to experience factor of the five-factor model of personality (Kelly, 2004a), were more likely to allow opportunities to watch the night-sky to influence some basic life decisions, such as sacrificing sleep and choosing living accommodations (Kelly, 2004b), and had a preference for spending time outdoors (Kelly & Kelly, in press).

Holland (1997) articulated a model of students' vocational interests which included six dimensions, or interest types: Realistic (R: practical, enjoys working with mechanical devices and working outdoors), Investigative (1: enjoys scientific pursuits, working with abstract ideas, researching and analyzing), Artistic (A: values aesthetics, enjoys using imagination and creativity), Social (S: concern for human welfare, enjoys teaching, helping, and working with people), Enterprising (E: enjoys directing, organizing, and leading), and Conventional (C: prefers structured tasks, enjoys practical pursuits and clerical activities). The existence and validity of these six interest patterns have been supported by numerous research studies (Holland, 1985). The purpose of the current study was to understand students' interests better by exploring the relationship between noctcaelador and vocational interest patterns. Because of the exploratory nature of the study, no hypotheses were formed.


Participants and Procedure

After obtaining informed consent, 134 students (97 females) enrolled in undergraduate psychology courses were administered the self-report measures described below. The average age of the sample as 28.8 years (S/)= 10.6). The majority of the sample (83%) identified themselves as White/Caucasian.


Vocational Preference Inventory. Vocational interests were measured using the 30-item Vocational Preference Inventory, Form C (VPI-C: Holland, 1985; Lowman & Schurman, 1982). The VPI-C includes a list of 30 occupational titles, five for each of Holland's six vocational clusters. Participants in this study responded to VPI-C items using a 7-point Likert scale (1 = "strongly disinterested," 7 = "strongly interested"). Higher scores indicated greater interest in occupational clusters, internal consistencies have been reported between .

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

An Investigation of Vocational Interests and Noctcaelador


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?