Confronting Recidivism: Inmate Reentry and the Second Chance Act of 2005

By Rhine, Edward E. | Corrections Today, August 2005 | Go to article overview

Confronting Recidivism: Inmate Reentry and the Second Chance Act of 2005


Rhine, Edward E., Corrections Today


Authors' Note: This article is an edited version of written testimony presented to the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Government Reform, Oversight Hearing, by Reginald A. Wilkinson on Feb. 2, 2005.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

There is a growing national movement in corrections embracing offender reentry. Remarkably, in a relatively short span of time, an impressive array of efforts has been launched at all levels of government and by public policy institutes and community organizations to build more effective and innovative responses to the myriad of challenges presented by reentry. These efforts clearly demonstrate that reentry is not a fad; it is here to stay.

Since the late 1990s, the Urban Institute in Washington, D.C., has hosted a series of reentry roundtables to assess the state of knowledge and to publish specialized reports on this topic. Leaders in the field, academicians, policymakers and many others have gathered periodically to debate and share what is known about the challenges and issues that must be addressed to ensure successful reentry transitions for offenders. (1)

The National Institute of Corrections has launched the significant Transition From Prison to Community project to offer technical assistance and support to a select number of states relative to transforming their systems governing reentry.

In 2001, the U.S. Department of Justice and a broad consortium of federal agencies forged a unique, path-breaking partnership by providing a total of $100 million in grant funding spread across all 50 states to address reentry planning and programming for serious, violent felony offenders. Known as the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative, its continuing importance to the field has been reinforced by additional funding for a comprehensive, multiyear, multisite evaluation of selected states' systems of reentry (see www.svori-evalution.org).

President Bush, in his 2004 State of the Union address, urged Congress to allocate substantial funding over four years to support the reentry transition of offenders. His recitation that "America is the land of second chance" will resonate with corrections professionals for years to come.

In mid-September 2004, Cleveland was the site of the first National Conference on Offender Reentry sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice and the other federal agencies involved in the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative. More than 1,400 attendees participated in the conference.

The Re-Entry Policy Council recently released the Report of the Re-Entry Policy Council: Charting the Safe and Successful Return of Prisoners to the Community, a landmark report that offers a comprehensive set of bipartisan, consensus-based recommendations for policy-makers and practitioners interested in improving the likelihood that adults released from prison or jail will avoid crime and become productive and healthy members of both their families and communities. The Council of State Governments partnered with 10 other national organizations to compile this report, which comprises hundreds of recommendations and research findings related to employment, public safety, housing, health, families, faith-based initiatives and victims. These recommendations are consistent with the provisions proposed in landmark legislation known as the Second Chance Act of 2005.

Confronting Recidivism

The Second Chance Act of 2005: Community Safety Through Recidivism Prevention, recognizes the many complex issues affecting individuals released from prison or jail that must be addressed to ensure that they are not rearrested after their return to the community. The legislation, which encourages state and local governments to craft solutions that span agencies and engage community-based partners, was introduced in the House of Representatives by Reps. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, Danny Davis, D-Ill., Howard Coble, R-N. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Confronting Recidivism: Inmate Reentry and the Second Chance Act of 2005
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.