Healthy Population Healthy Nation

By Bedell, Doris J. | Parks & Recreation, April 1993 | Go to article overview

Healthy Population Healthy Nation


Bedell, Doris J., Parks & Recreation


Recreation and health are inescapably intertwined. One of recreation personnel's professed missions is to achieve wellness and a rich quality of life with and for persons of all ages and abilities. Healthful recreation includes positive attitudes of enjoying life; strengths to cope with adversity; ability to meet and deal with challenges; and the maximal use of a person's physical, social and mental ability.

Therapeutic recreation personnel define themselves as providers of a continuum of service from treatment and rehabilitation through leisure counseling and education, to full inclusion into communal recreational activities--to enhance health, growth, development and independence.

As recreators provide their individual professional services, they affect and are affected by social and economic policies of federal, state and local governments. Whether employed directly by government or in private (profit or non-profit) agencies or facilities, it is likely that government has funded, at least in part, the services offered. Therefore, as professionals and as citizens, recreators have a stake in health care policies.

Since the beginning of this decade, health care reform and the momentum for change--based upon providing at least minimal health care for everyone and controlling cost--have gradually taken over a major portion of social and economic policy discussion. Any plan for reduction of the national deficit cannot be formulated without solving the nation's mounting costs for health care.

Several pieces of legislation were introduced, but not enacted, during the 102nd Congress. These bills ranged from those prescribing "hands off" (no or little intervention by the government) all the way to the Universal Health Care Act of 1992 (Russo/Wellstone). President Clinton and the 103rd Congress have been given a mandate by the voters to succeed where their predecessors have not.

What are the Problems?

The statistical data in the table below shows the runaway costs:

On average, the medical costs for a family of three in 1992 were $10,480. Any why is this cost skyrocketing? According to the U.S. Commerce Department these are the primary reasons:

* Use of sophisticated, high-priced equipment.

* Increases in the variety and frequency of treatments.

* Innovative but costly treatment of illnesses such as

heart ailments, AIDS, kidney disease and cancer.

* The increased life span of Americans.

* The labor intensity of the health-care industry and

high earnings for professional, administrative and

technical workers.

The most rapid growth is projected in home health care, nursing home care and managed health-care organizations.

Another vital cause that should have been listed is the number of under-or uninsured persons, estimated at 35 to 40 million. When a working parent earns barely enough to pay the rent and put food on the table, the child's sniffles are often medically ignored until illness (high fever; rasping cough, malaise) results in a visit to an emergency room. The costs of acute treatment (inpatient or at home) added to the cost of time lost from work, are certainly greater than a doctor's visit when the sniffles start, or than regular preventive care.

Where does the US stand in 1991's statistics of industrial nations?

It is obvious that for all the money we spend on health and welfare in this nation, we are not getting our money's worth. That is why containing costs is one major problem; providing uninterrupted access to health care for everyone is a second; simplifying procedures for individuals, employers and health care providers is a third; and eliminating duplication and waste is a fourth.

Who Provides Health Care Now?

The system now is provided through public and private sources; in the community and in institutions and congregate facilities.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Healthy Population Healthy Nation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.