Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR)

By Hoffman, Richard | DISAM Journal, Winter 2004 | Go to article overview

Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR)


Hoffman, Richard, DISAM Journal


Established in 1994, CCMR is dedicated to strengthening civil-military relationships in democracies worldwide. CCMR helps nations resolve issues resulting from defense transformation, stability and support operations, peacekeeping, combating terrorism, and other security challenges. In the past two years, the Center has helped educate approximately 7,000 foreign military officers and civilians in programs conducted in host countries and in the United States.

What Do We Do?

CCMR custom builds each of its programs and course materials to address the specific requirements and circumstances of each participating country. Programs are designed for mid-to-senior-grade military officers, civilian officials, legislators, and personnel from nongovernmental organizations, both in residence (at the Naval Postgraduate School) and overseas (in the requesting nation). All programs provide participants with insights and analytical tools for enhancing civil-military cooperation at all levels.

All of the Center's programs emphasize three main goals:

* Consolidate and deepen democracy (with particular reference to national defense and the armed forces);

* Increase the effectiveness of the armed forces in fulfilling the multiple roles and missions assigned to them by their democratically elected civilian leaders;

* Seek success in the most efficient manner possible at the lowest possible costs.

CCMR programs utilize a variety of instructional methods, including lectures and discussion groups to foster interaction among the participants and faculty. Most programs also include real-world case studies and simulation exercises.

Why Teach Civil-Military Relations?

In a democracy, those who govern have power by virtue of a popular vote of their country's citizens. While not similarly elected, the military also holds power. Consequently, effective civil-military relations--the relationship between elected civilian leaders and the military--are vital to those seeking to create a government that is ultimately responsive to the people who elected it. The key issue remains how a democratic government can exert control over the military, rather than the other way around.

The study and teaching of civil-military relations is important in that unless civilians know how to establish and manage key institutions, real democratic civil-military relations cannot be achieved.

By employing a "lessons-learned and best-practice approach," civilians can learn how to control the military, and officers can come to understand that, in the long run, such control benefits them and their nation.

CCMR Programs

CCMR offers a number of seminars and workshops that further civil-military relations. Many of the courses are offered in-residence (at the Naval Postgraduate School) or through Mobile Education Teams (METs). METs are specifically targeted to a country's needs while in-residence courses offer participants the opportunity to meet, work, and share views with senior military and civilian officials on similar issues and problems.

Our overseas and in-residence programs are divided into the following categories:

* Civil-military relations

* Peacekeeping

* Civil-military responses to terrorism

* International defense acquisition and management

* Implementing strategic planning

Civil-Military Programs

Below is a sample listing and summary of our various courses that promote civilian control of the military.

Civil-Military Relations MET

Civilian-Control of the Armed Forces in a Democracy MET

The Media and the Military MET

The Legislature and the Military MET

Executive Program in Defense Decision-Making--In residence

Intelligence and Democracy--In residence and MET

Defense Restructuring--In residence and MET

Civil-Military Relations MET

A five-day seminar focusing on "democratic defense decision-making" in a wide variety of areas.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.