Freedom of Speech Is Islamic, Too: The Easy Assumption Is That the Muslim World Is Hypersensitive Because It Does Not Believe in Freedom of Expression. Nothing Could Be Further from the Truth, Writes Ziauddin Sardar

By Sardar, Ziauddin | New Statesman (1996), February 13, 2006 | Go to article overview

Freedom of Speech Is Islamic, Too: The Easy Assumption Is That the Muslim World Is Hypersensitive Because It Does Not Believe in Freedom of Expression. Nothing Could Be Further from the Truth, Writes Ziauddin Sardar


Sardar, Ziauddin, New Statesman (1996)


How do you demonstrate freedom of expression? If, like trees falling in the forest, the only proof of its existence is transgression, what is the difference between free speech and licence to demonise and incite religious hatred?

In Britain many curbs on free speech are already embodied in law: defamation, race hatred and the whole panoply of public order legislation. We know from experience that freedom of speech is not an absolute; it is etiquette. It is an essential ethos for the health of society and the liberty of the individual conscience, but an ethos that is best exercised with responsibility, balance and due regard for the existence of others.

I have just expressed an Islamic opinion. It may come as a surprise to many, but Islam endorses freedom of expression. The easy assumption is too often made that Muslims are hypersensitive because they have no experience of freedom of speech, or just don't believe in the concept. Nothing could be further from the truth, though sadly the truth is far from the common experience of most Muslims in most countries of the world.

The reasons why Muslims are outraged with the cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad have little to do with freedom of expression. They have everything to do with Islamophobia and ugly demonisation of Muslims. What the cartoons portray should be of concern not just to Muslims but to all of us. Depicting the Prophet Muhammad as a terrorist makes that abomination integral to Islam. It suggests that Islam is intrinsically violent and irredeemable. It posits all Muslims as potential terrorists. In other words, it fuels the hatred against Muslims and constructs them as evil Others.

I find the cartoons offensive not because I am against freedom of expression but because I am against ignorance, prejudice and downright racism. However, I also find them offensive because, once again, I am being aligned with people I heartily loathe and disagree with--the Muslim fascists. The placards carried by some protesters, and such slogans as "Massacre those who malign the Prophet" or "Butcher those who mock Islam", are just as offensive to me.

There is another point here. The two extremes--the liberal and the Muslim fanatics-are squeezing out the moderate voices from all sides. The Danish cartoons are part of a common rhetoric of deliberate misconstruction of Islam. Their message is echoed, in different forms, by the liberal West Wing on television, by American Christian fundamentalists such as Jerry Falwell and Pat Robinson, as well as the British National Party and our own home-grown right-wingers such as Rod Liddle--a pretty wide spectrum. When this view becomes common currency it provides a fertile soil for hatred of Muslims to grow in, and for violence against them to be perpetuated. It also frustrates and makes immeasurably more difficult the task of the vast majority of Muslims to repossess their religion from the lunatic fringe.

I believe, along with many Muslims and most of the Conservative front bench, that charges should be brought against the extremists behind the inflammatory protests in London. But what about those who started the ball rolling? Do they not have a case to answer? I think they do. Those who circulate ignorance and prejudice should not be allowed to hide behind facile notions of "freedom of expression". …

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Freedom of Speech Is Islamic, Too: The Easy Assumption Is That the Muslim World Is Hypersensitive Because It Does Not Believe in Freedom of Expression. Nothing Could Be Further from the Truth, Writes Ziauddin Sardar
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