Flash Back: A Woman of Substance; Josephine Butler Fought to Improve the Life of Women in 19th Century Liverpool. Peter Grant Reports on Celebrations of the Radical Campaigner

Liverpool Echo (Liverpool, England), May 13, 2006 | Go to article overview

Flash Back: A Woman of Substance; Josephine Butler Fought to Improve the Life of Women in 19th Century Liverpool. Peter Grant Reports on Celebrations of the Radical Campaigner


Byline: Peter Grant

WHEN social reformer Josephine Butler set to work transforming conditions for the city way back in the late 1800s, little did she know the legacy she would leave behind.

Now, 100 years after her death, the revolutionary social reformer's life and work is to be celebrated with an exhibition held at both Liverpool Cathedral and Liverpool University this Saturday, organised by the Josephine Butler Memorial Trust.

But who was Josephine Butler - and why is she held in such high esteem as Eleanor Rathbone and Margaret Simey?

"Josephine Elizabeth Grey was a much-travelled, hard-working and formidable woman," says Katie Cooper, the University of Liverpool's Special Collections librarian, who has put together a stunning collection of Josephine Butler memorabilia.

She was born in 1828 - the daughter of a wealthy Northumbrian landowner. In 1852 she married the inspirational George Butler, a man with similar views and attitudes.

Living in Oxford, and then Cheltenham, the Butlers had four children - the youngest of whom died at the age of five, falling from the banisters at the top of their stairs in front of her distraught parents.

The family moved to Liverpool where George (by then ordained in the Church of England) had been appointed headmaster of Liverpool College.

It was here Josephine began her social campaigning.

Marian Pope, chair of the Josephine Butler Memorial Trust says: "After arriving in the city, Josephine visited a workhouse where there were hundreds of women and girls working in huge, damp cellars picking 'oakum' rope fibres.

"The conditions were dreadful, but the women were driven there by hunger and destitution - and for many it was the only alternative to prostitution."

Josephine rescued many young girls from the workhouse, taking some into her home before setting up her own refuge.

Josephine also wanted to tackle the roots of sexual inequality and campaigned for better educational provision for women, persuading Cambridge University to admit women and to set up Newnham College exclusively for women.

Adds Marian: "Perhaps Josephine Butler is best remembered for her active involvement in the campaign to repeal the Contagious Diseases Acts.

"These laws sought to control sexually transmitted diseases which were widespread in the army and navy. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Flash Back: A Woman of Substance; Josephine Butler Fought to Improve the Life of Women in 19th Century Liverpool. Peter Grant Reports on Celebrations of the Radical Campaigner
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.