Competitiveness: Targeting the Lisbon Strategy - Five Years of Fudge

Europe-East, April 11, 2005 | Go to article overview

Competitiveness: Targeting the Lisbon Strategy - Five Years of Fudge


The new Lisbon targets, reduced to their simplest form, appear in the box below. As is instantly apparent, there are plenty of them. And as is equally evident, their scope ranges widely, from measures or actions designed to boost Europes competitiveness, to broad statements of support for the social or environmental aspects of the oun-refocusedo Lisbon Strategy.

So alongside the jobs-and-growth-related injunctions to create sound macroeconomic conditions, to reform social protection systems, to develop research, to promote private investment with tax incentives, to cut red tape, to support innovative smaller firms and high-tech start-ups, and to complete the internal market and to cut state aid, the new targets also include repeated reaffirmations of the merits of social cohesion and sustainable development. Indeed they go further, imposing a series of obligations on business and on the member states that run clearly contrary to the supposed jobs-and-growth focus.

For instance, business must develop its sense of social responsibility, the internal market for services has to preserve the European social model, the final decision on the REACH discussions on chemicals must also take account of environmental and health protection concerns, and regional aid reform must ensure a reduction in disparities. The European Commission is required to provide a report in autumn 2005 on "how to ensure sustainable funding of our social model", and the European Council promises to adopt a new sustainable development strategy by the end of 2005 which will be more ambitious than the initial Lisbon text.

The Commission's planned re-launch.

The re-focused Lisbon Strategy thus bears an uncanny resemblance to the original Lisbon Strategy what the European Commission described in its February 2005 Communication on the re-launch of Lisbon (*) as "an ambitious programme of change" to make the European Union "the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion, and respect for the environment".

Yet the Commission's analysis in February was that the inadequate delivery on Lisbon at European and national level resulted in part from "a policy agenda which has become overloaded, failing co-ordination and sometimes conflicting priorities". In particular, the Commission planned to put at the top of its agenda to "shape the policies allowing our businesses to create more and better jobs". It insisted that "Europes actions need more focus" to "concentrate all our efforts on delivering on the ground policies that will have greatest impact" and "a rigorous prioritisation". The Commission was explicit about what it felt was needed more explicit than the Council conclusions a month later were ready to accept. The scope of the elements the Commission called for, but which the Council in most cases omitted or diluted, can be judged from a few quotations from the February Communication:

"Lisbons overburdened list of policy objectives has obscured the importance of these actions which can drive productivity growth. From now on, structural reforms, through such policies, should be pivotal in the renewed Lisbon strategy."

"We must extend and deepen the internal market. Member States must improve implementation of existing EU legislation if businesses and consumers are to feel the full benefits. In a number of Member States, key markets like telecoms, energy and transport are open only on paper long after the expiry of the deadlines to which those Member States have signed upa Member States are letting their businesses and citizens down by dragging their feet in implementation and enforcement."

"Key reforms are still needed to complete the single market and should be given specific attention: financial services markets, as well as services in general, the REACH proposal, a common consolidated corporate tax base as well as the Community Patent.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Competitiveness: Targeting the Lisbon Strategy - Five Years of Fudge
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.