Reducing Breast Cancer Risk; a[euro]Behold the Wounds, the Most Unnatural Wounds, Which Thou Thyself Has Giv'n Her Woeful Breast.'' - William Shakespeare (15641616), English Playwright King Henry VI, Part I, Act III Sc. 3 L. 54-55 (1592)

Manila Bulletin, March 11, 2007 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Reducing Breast Cancer Risk; a[euro]Behold the Wounds, the Most Unnatural Wounds, Which Thou Thyself Has Giv'n Her Woeful Breast.'' - William Shakespeare (15641616), English Playwright King Henry VI, Part I, Act III Sc. 3 L. 54-55 (1592)


Byline: Dr. Jose Pujalte Jr.

HARVARD Health Publications recently released a list of approaches to reduce breast cancer risk. Since there is "no one big way" as the article starts, that breast cancer can be completely avoided, seven combined factors could make a difference.

1. Weight Gain. Women who gain 20 to 30 pounds during adulthood (after 18 years old), have a 40 percent more chance of developing breast cancer after menopause. This is compared to women to gained 5 pounds or less. What's the connection between more fat and breast cancer? Well if there is too much fat in the body, it helps convert precursors into estrogen, the hormone linked to promoting breast cancer. Even with estrogren production from the ovaries gone by menopause, estrogen remains in circulation because of excess fat tissues. Recommendation: Enter menopause at a healthy weight.

2. Activity Level. Exercise lowers the risk of breast cancer by 20-30 percent. But how much activity? Studies indicate at least three to four hours a week of moderately intense (brisk walking, stationary bicycling, or hopping on the stair climber or elliptical trainer) to vigorous (swimming, jogging, aerobic dance, or racquet sports like badminton or tennis). How does regular exercise help? Obviously, it can keep weight down. It may also influence in limiting circulating hormones like estrogen from bombarding breast tissue. There has also been a link between insulin and insulin-like growth factors and breast cancer. Exercise is able to stabilize insulin levels in the blood.

Recommendation: Moderate to vigorous exercise 45 to 60 minutes four times a week is suggested by the American Cancer Society.

3. Alcohol. The link between too much alcohol and breast cancer in women is not clear cut. Some studies have shown that alcohol raises estrogen levels or it may work with carcinogens. Breast cancer risk is increased in women who take alcohol who also don't have enough of the B vitamin folic acid. Recommendation: Women with a family history of breast cancer may limit alcohol to one drink a day and take folic acid of 400mcg a day. Folate in food is found in dried beans, green leafy vegetables like spinach and pechay and cereals.

4. Vitamin D. Evidence is accumulating that Vitamin D helps protect against many types of malignancies including breast cancer. One study showed that women who early in life had much exposure to the sun (sunlight initiates Vitamin D production in the skin) had a lower risk for breast cancer.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Reducing Breast Cancer Risk; a[euro]Behold the Wounds, the Most Unnatural Wounds, Which Thou Thyself Has Giv'n Her Woeful Breast.'' - William Shakespeare (15641616), English Playwright King Henry VI, Part I, Act III Sc. 3 L. 54-55 (1592)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?