Autism, Brain, and Environment

By Windham, Gayle C. | Environmental Health Perspectives, December 2006 | Go to article overview

Autism, Brain, and Environment


Windham, Gayle C., Environmental Health Perspectives


By Richard Lathe

London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2006. 288 pp. ISBN: 1-84310-438-5, $24.95

Autism rates have risen to "epidemic" proportions, as we hear from media reports. Yet understanding why has so far been elusive, and a myriad of theories have been proposed, from changing diagnostic criteria to increased awareness to vaccines to different mating patterns increasing the likelihood of familial inheritance. In this book, Richard Lathe takes a scholarly approach to exploring a variety of possible links in order to explain autism, pulling together evidence from numerous fields of study including, among others, neuroscience, toxicology, genetics, endocrinology, and immunology.

Autism or autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a devasting disability, with lifelong implications for all but those only mildly affected. Thought to be rare when first described in the 1940s, it is now reported to occur in 1 of every 166 births. There is no medical test for autism, but its diagnosis is based on behavioral impairments in three areas: communication, social interactions, and repetitive or restricted activities. Lathe has written a very thorough and clear book describing autism, integrating the evidence that has led him to conclude that it is a disorder of the limbic brain, which is very sensitive to environmental toxicants, while recognizing the genetic contribution as well.

Lathe describes his intent to provide material accessible to researchers as well as nonspecialists, including families, medical practitioners, teachers, psychologists, and advocates, and he has done so to a reasonable extent. Each chapter begins with a simple, interesting introduction and ends with 5-10 key take-home points. The chapter material is clearly laid out, but of a fairly technical nature for the most part. Each chapter is extensively referenced with the latest literature. Thus the book provides a wealth of material to new researchers in the field and is bound to provide something of interest to experienced investigators because of the breadth covered. Some of this evidence is not very critically reviewed, so that, for example, one study on a topic is offered as conclusive evidence at times. But readers can look at the original references to draw their own conclusions. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Autism, Brain, and Environment
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.