World Trends & Forecasts

The Futurist, January-February 1995 | Go to article overview

World Trends & Forecasts


Society

Black Males in Crisis

Nurturing Young Black Males, a new book published by the Urban Institute in Washington, D.C., promotes public and private programs that intervene and support youth, especially between the ages of 10 and 15, to reduce the risk of their later becoming a drain on society at large.

Young black males are especially at risk due to high rates of poverty, nonmarriage, and dysfunction among their parents and neighbors, according to the book's editor, Ronald B. Mincy. Incarceration rates among young black men are staggering. Some estimates suggest that 41% of the black male high-school dropouts between 18 and 24 were in prison, on parole, or on probation in 1988. Nearly half a million black men were in U.S. prisons and jails in 1988, at a cost of almost $7 billion (roughly $14,000 per man) per year, says Mincy. "We must provide services to help parents, especially single mothers, nurture their boys into manhood in high-risk neighborhoods, and offer services for boys who have to make it on their own because parents cannot or will not help them," he says.

Mincy recommends developing the capacity of community-based organizations to provide youth-development services geared to the unique circumstances of young black males. Youth in high-risk environments are unlikely to trust people who are unfamiliar with their cultural norms and who come from different racial, ethnic, and socio-economic communities.

A number of successful programs already exist across the United States to provide services to these youth at risk, but the programs have yet to be integrated into an effective structure of interventions to promote healthy development among young black men.

One such community-based program is the Louis Armstrong Manhood Development Program in New Orleans, Louisiana, described in the book by Morris F.X. Jeff Jr. The program, using an Afrocentric approach, "reestablishes the African tradition of male initiation rites whereby elders teach boys the art and science of becoming men. Despite its African focus, the program works with all urban males--Black, white, middle-class, poor, delinquents, and non-delinquents," according to Jeff. The program acts as an extended family and community that provides positive male role models for boys between the ages of 8 and 17. Participants' accomplishments are seen in each component of the program and are acknowledged and rewarded in Rites of Passage ceremonies.

National youth-service organizations should be encouraged to expand service delivery to a broader array of minority youth populations, according to Mincy, Jeff, and other contributors to the book. Lessons learned from inner-city community-based programs need to be explicitly incorporated into existing sports, parks, religious, and recreational programs, both public and private.

In addition, the policy goal of supporting youth development must be incorporated into the public institutions of education, employment and training, juvenile justice, and health services. Until these institutions demonstrate caring, which, say the authors, they currently fail to do for many young people, the potential effectiveness of community-based programs will be severely diminished.

Source: Nurturing Young Black Males edited by Ronald B. Mincy. The Urban Institute Press, 1994. 237 pages. $19.95. Available from University Press of America, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, Maryland 20706. Telephone 800/462-6420.

Youth and Marijuana

Marijuana use among high-school seniors in 1993 rose for the first time in 14 years, according to a survey by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). In addition, more eighth and tenth graders are using marijuana.

This recent increase reverses several years of declining drug use among youths. NIDA Deputy Director Richard A. Millstein says that this reversal is, at the very least, "a discouraging result of an erosion of antidrug attitudes by youth.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

World Trends & Forecasts
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.