Troublesome Trends: Population Growth, Distribution, Migration

UN Chronicle, September 1994 | Go to article overview

Troublesome Trends: Population Growth, Distribution, Migration


At the same time that world population growth has reached an all-time high, population distribution within countries is increasingly being altered by changing demographics and rural-urban migration. The number of cross-border migrants and refugees has also risen sharply.

The International Conference on Population and Development is to consider action to help stabilize population growth rates, ease pressures underlying rapid urbanization and migration within and across borders, and safeguard the rights of international migrants and refugees. Demographic issues, such as the ageing of populations, will also be addressed.

In fact, there are significant differences among regions and countries in population growth and distribution, with important implications for the ultimate size and regional distribution of the world population. For example, more than 93 per cent of the 93 million people being added to the population each year are in developing countries.

Moreover, while many developing countries have a large proportion of children and young people in their populations due to high fertility levels, the proportion of older people, especially women, in developed and developing countries alike has increased notably. In the developed countries, approximately one in every six persons is at least 60 years old, and this proportion is expected to be about one in every four persons by 2025.

To address this situation, the Cairo Conference draft programme of action aims to enhance the self-reliance of elderly people and create conditions that promote quality of life and enable them to work and live independently in their own communities for as long as possible. It also Governments, in collaboration with the private sector, to strengthen support systems for the elderly.

Recent UN data show that 43 per cent of the world population lives in urban areas, compared to 38 per cent in 1975. By 2005, half the world's population is projected to be urban. For example, in 1950, only New York's metropolitan area had more than 10 million inhabitants. In 1992, there were 13 urban agglomerations of at least that size, and that number is expected to double by 2010, when four fifths of the mega-cities will be in developing countries.

Consumption patterns of urban areas, especially in the more developed regions, continue to put heavy pressure on the global ecosystem. At the same time, rapid urban growth in many developing countries has lead to deteriorating and unsustainable conditions of human settlement. Problems include poor shelter conditions, inadequate management of settlements and disaster-prone areas, poor land-use planning and deficient basic infrastructure.

In order to foster a more balanced spatial distribution of the population and reduce the role of the various factors which push people into migrating, draft recommendations call for:

* Governments assessing on a regular basis how the consequences of their economic and environmental policies, among other factors, influence population distribution and internal migration, both permanent and temporary;

* Countries adopting sustainable regional development strategies which encourage the growth of small-or medium-sized urban centres and the sustainable development of rural areas;

* Governments considering incentives to encourage the redistribution and relocation of industries and businesses from urban to rural areas; and * Governments actively supporting access to land ownership or use and access to water resources in rural areas, as well as encouraging investments to enhance rural productivity, improve rural infrastructure and social services, and facilitate the establishment of credit, production and marketing cooperatives and other grass-roots organizations. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Troublesome Trends: Population Growth, Distribution, Migration
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.