Rural Adolescent Drinking Behavior: Three Year Follow-Up in the New Hampshire Substance Abuse Prevention Study

By Stevens, Marguerite M.; Mott, Leila A. et al. | Adolescence, Spring 1996 | Go to article overview

Rural Adolescent Drinking Behavior: Three Year Follow-Up in the New Hampshire Substance Abuse Prevention Study


Stevens, Marguerite M., Mott, Leila A., Youells, Fay, Adolescence


The New Hampshire Substance Abuse Prevention Study is a cohort study of 4,406 public school children, who were in elementary school, junior high school or in the tenth grade in 1987. The subjects consisted of 2,227 females (50.5%) and 2,179 males (49.5%); 98.6% are white. This is a rural population living in communities of 668 to 11,795 according to the 1990 census. The children are from a broad range of economic groups with 1990 median incomes for a family of four ranging from $12,798 to $32,429. This cohort is representative of rural children in New Hampshire (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1991).

Two approaches to substance prevention in a quasi-experimental design were tested with a follow-up at 36 months. The arms were: (1) a comprehensive school curriculum (Here's Looking At You, 2000) implemented in grades 1 through 12; (2) this curriculum (Parent Communication Course) and a community task force (Johnson Institute Model); and (3) delayed intervention control. The control community agreed not to implement any comprehensive school curriculum, parenting course, or community task force during the follow-up period. In the intervention communities, residents implemented and coordinated the interventions with training and support provided by research staff. In the combination intervention there was no explicit central community coordination of the three components, though there were overlapping persons in key positions in all components.

Baseline questionnaires were collected from 68% of the total public school population in March and April of 1987. The interventions began in autumn 1987 and continued through the 36 months of follow-up data collection. Annual follow-up questionnaires were collected in March and April of 1988, 1989, and 1990. Questionnaires were collected from all absentees and students assigned to home study. School dropouts, graduates, and transfers were not followed. Four years of data from 79% of the cohort were collected. In 1992 and 1993 the senior author conducted group and individual interviews.

The following definitions of drinking behavior were used. Initiation - subject has ever tried beer, wine or liquor, excluding religious observances, but including secular family occasions. Drinking - subject has had beer, wine or liquor excluding religious observances, but including secular family occasions twice or more in the 30 calendar days preceding questionnaire completion. Drunkenness - subject has had five or more drinks in a row or passed out or vomited more than once after drinking.

The two main analyses were by school and by individual, controlling for community, age, gender, and psychosocial characteristics. Some positive prevention results were achieved for cigarettes, marijuana, other illicit drugs, and spitting tobacco, but no effects were found for any of the three levels of alcohol use at 36 months' follow-up (Table 1), although one-year results had supported a positive effect. Subgroup analyses using the school as the unit of analysis in order to account for different baseline rates of drug use and different rates of attrition (defined as the percentage who failed to complete four questionnaires) supported the main analyses' results in every case.

Some research groups have found positive one-year results for drinking (Botvin, Baker, Filazzola, & Botvin, 1990; Pentz et al., 1989; Dielman, Shipe, Leech, & Butchart 1989; Hansen & Graham, 1991), but positive results for this drug seem more difficult to achieve than for tobacco and marijuana (Pentz et al., 1989; Perry, Murray, & Griffin (1990); Perry et al., 1990; Botvin et al., 1990; Mackinnon, Pentz, & Stacy, 1993) and we do not yet know how durable these results will be. Achieving positive results for drinking prevention is especially important, [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 1 OMITTED] since most children drink before they use any other drugs (Committee on Adolescence, 1987; Dunne & Schipperheijn, 1989; Sharp & Lowe, 1989; Alexander et al.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Rural Adolescent Drinking Behavior: Three Year Follow-Up in the New Hampshire Substance Abuse Prevention Study
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.