The Use of Third-Party Review to Reduce Health and Environmental Hazards from Surfactants and Cleaning Products in the Janitorial Industry

By Okumura, Kazuhiro | Journal of Environmental Health, May 2009 | Go to article overview

The Use of Third-Party Review to Reduce Health and Environmental Hazards from Surfactants and Cleaning Products in the Janitorial Industry


Okumura, Kazuhiro, Journal of Environmental Health


Introduction

Demand for environmentally preferable products is greater than ever before. Pressures from environmental groups, the business community, consumers, and industry are encouraging organizations to use less toxic alternatives to promote a more sustainable environment. One area that NSF International (NSF) has become involved in is Institutional and Industrial (I&I) cleaners. With the collaboration of the GreenBlue Institute (GreenBlue) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (U.S. EPA's) Design for the Environment (DfE), two programs were launched for NSF to conduct third-party reviews of surfactant ingredients and final cleaning products. Many stakeholders participated in creating this process.

Larry Brown and Emmanuel Rivera of the Local Hazardous Waste Management Program (LHWMP) in King County, Washington, are conducting a project on the janitorial industry's exposure to toxic cleaning products. People in this industry are at risk for chemical ingredient exposure. This report summarizes research of the NSF partnership with GreenBlue, CleanGredients, and U.S. EPA to perform third-party reviews of cleaning product ingredients and its relevance to LHWMP's interest in reducing risks to workers in the janitorial industry.

Stakeholders and Sponsors Involved in Review Program

DfE, created by U.S. EPA, is the umbrella group for the surfactant and formulator review and provided initial funding for the review programs. This umbrella group is comprised of multiple stakeholders from government, environmental organizations, industry associations, cleaning product formulators and distributors, and chemical manufacturers and suppliers (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [U.S. EPA], 2007c). All of these stakeholders are working towards making their I&I cleaning products less toxic to humans and less harmful to the environment.

U.S. EPA's DfE Green Formulator Program was started by the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. They provide chemical knowledge, information resources, and assistance on Green Chemistry. Green Chemistry is a technology that promotes reduction or elimination of hazardous substances through design, manufacture, or use of chemicals in products (U.S. EPA, 2007b). The program gathers information on chemicals and recognizes manufacturers who have produced less harmful products.

GreenBlue is a nonprofit organization that encourages industry to develop new and practical solutions to foster a more sustainable environment. DfE and GreenBlue created the Green Formulation Initiative and managed the steering and technical advisory committee (L. Heine, personal communication, August 1, 2007). Working with U.S. EPA, GreenBlue has designed and hosts the CleanGredients Web site.

The DfE Green Formulator Program became involved because it believes it can reach a wider audience by encouraging the industry to use CleanGredients and that this approach can effectively promote the use of safer chemicals in cleaning products (L. Heine, personal communication, August 1, 2007).

The CleanGredients database is a "one stop shop for green formulation (T. McGrath, personal communication, June 25, 2007)." It was created by over 500 stakeholders and is a subscriber-provided database of cleaning product ingredients (L. Heine, personal communication, August 1, 2007). The database allows the cleaning product industry to choose less toxic ingredients that benefit and achieve environmental and human health goals of this project (NSF, 2007b; U.S. EPA, 2007c).

NSF will be performing third-party reviews for both the surfactant and formulator programs of the data submitted by the companies. NSF is a nonprofit organization of scientists, engineers, technicians, educators, and analysts. The organization provides testing, certification, and audits for more than 130,000 products in 82 countries (NSF, 2007a). The organization's objective is to provide timely, objective, high quality certification services. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Use of Third-Party Review to Reduce Health and Environmental Hazards from Surfactants and Cleaning Products in the Janitorial Industry
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.