The Effectiveness of National Board Certified Teachers: Policy Implications

By Okpala, Comfort O.; James, Ioney et al. | Journal of Instructional Psychology, March 2009 | Go to article overview

The Effectiveness of National Board Certified Teachers: Policy Implications


Okpala, Comfort O., James, Ioney, Hopson, Linda, Journal of Instructional Psychology


In this mixed-method research study, data from public school personnel were used to determine the professional preparation of teachers through the National Board Certification process. The major goals of the study were to (a) analyze the perceptions of public school principals on the effectiveness of National Board certified teachers, (b) analyze the perceptions of teachers on the effectiveness of National Board certified teachers, and (c) determine whether differences exist in their perceptions based on gender, ethnicity, school role, and school level. The results from the mixed-method analysis showed that public school personnel's perceptions on the effectiveness of National Board certified teachers varied.

**********

The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) is an independent, nonprofit organization with the goal of establishing standards for teaching effectiveness. National Board Certification process is highly extensive and it involves yearlong assessment of actual teaching practice based on rigorous standards established by NBPTS (NBPTS, 2002b). The assessment process for teachers has two parts. The performance-based part of the assessment is done at the teacher's school where they build a portfolio that contain videotapes of classroom teaching, lesson plans, student work samples and reflective logs. The written assessment part involves a series of timed, written examinations for subject matter knowledge as well as pedagogical content knowledge. There are currently more than 55,000 National Board Certified Teachers in all 50 states (NBPTS, 2007). Participation in the programs has dramatically increased over the years partly due to the financial incentives associated with the certification.

States like North Carolina has invested heavily on National Board Certification, and the state has the largest number of National board Certified teachers. North Carolina encourages teachers to seek NBPTS certification, and has implemented statewide incentive for the process. The state pays the application fees of $2,300 for teachers who wish to pursue the certification and certified teachers receive an automatic 12 percent increase in their base salary. Limited research has been conducted on the perceptions of public school personnel on the effectiveness of NBPTS certification.

This study analyzed the perceptions of public school principals and teachers on the effectiveness of NBPTS certified teachers. In this study, the following research questions were addressed:

1. What are the perceptions of public school principals on the effectiveness of NBPTS certified teachers?

2. What are the perceptions of public school teachers on the effectiveness of NBPTS certified teachers?

3. Are there differences in their reported perceptions based on gender, ethnicity and school level?

Theoretical Framework of the Study

This research was based on the Five Core Propositions that described what quality teachers regardless of certification status should know and be able to do (NBPTS, 1989). The propositions state that teachers are committed to students and their learning, teachers know the subjects they teach and how to teach those subjects to students, teachers are responsible for managing and monitoring student learning, teachers think systematically about their practice and learn from experience, and teachers are members of learning communities (NBPTS, 1999). The basic goal of NBPTS is to promote and advance the quality of teaching and learning through established standards (NBPTS, 2002b). Prior work in the area of National Board Certification has evaluated the relationship between national board certification status of teachers and student academic achievement (Cavalluzo, 2004; Finn, 2003; Goldhaber & Anthony, 2004; Podgursky, 2001; Stone, 2002). Cavalluzo (2004) concluded that national board certification is an effective measure of teacher quality.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Effectiveness of National Board Certified Teachers: Policy Implications
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.